Willim's Page 256

256 Humidity - Mould / Mold - Damp

There is much information online regarding humidity, damp and mould / mold. From the equator to the North and South Poles outdoor air always contains some moisture. The issue that most have is when the moisture in the air condenses on fabric of buildings or materials and fabric within the living space.

At the simplest one only need take a cold drink and put it in a glass from the refrigerator to see condensation form on the exterior of the glass. The condensation forms because the glass is below the dew point temperature of the surrounding air.

If there are any other surfaces at a temperature similar to the glass condensation will also form on them and so they become “damp.”

When the air dew point temperature is higher than the temperature of all surfaces NO condensation will occur.

I have read that provided the moisture content kept below the ambient air dew point temperature for at least six hours per day in a room there should be NO mould issues.

By having the moisture content in an air conditioned or dehumidified room below dew point temperature one is ensuring all surfaces are “drying.” The moisture will be moving from the surfaces to the air. Air conditioners and dehumidifiers work by providing the coldest surface, their cooling coils, in a room, the moisture in the air moisture vapour condenses on the coils so drying the air.

I have reviewed available online records Willim Page 603 Cebu Weather and found that there is perhaps only six days per year with a ambient air dew point temperature less than 20^C at the Cebu - Mactan International airport 8km distant. Based on this, at the moment I have chosen the air conditioned area is at a dew point temperature of 20^C for at least six hours per day.

To save some more money it would appear to me that one could keep the air conditioned moisture content dew point temperature lower than the lowest observed in the past week by only one or two degrees and this may be sufficient. One would be required to observe temperature and relative humidity to track the lowest dew point of the last week.

Honeywell, IPI and perhaps, others have humidity sensors that log the humidity. The IPI sensor costs USD 350 requires recalibration every three years. I would assume that all humidity sensors require recalibration after three years as they probably all use similar technology.

An alternative to use the nearest airport's figure and perhaps build in a safety factor of another 1 or 2^C

This link http://dpcalc.org/index.php is to a Dew Point Calculator. It is useful in that it indicates “Days to Mold” as well as Mold Risk.

There are tools available such as pyschrometric charts to calculate the various properties of air due to moisture content. I chose to develop a spreadsheet,  Humidity_Willim_01.ods ODS Calc icon [82kb] approx. , with several tabs:-

01_Calc

02_Comfort

03_Wet_Bulb

04_ASHRAE

05_MAC_Inst

06_Temp_RH_Td

Humidity - Water Vapour Vapor - Calulations

 NB The spreadsheet has been developed for personal use. There are NO guarantees given. All output is to be verifed to the users own satisfaction.

01_Calc

Fill in the two values in yellow cells B6, Temperature, and C6, Relative Humidity, and the various air moisture content results are calculated for sea level. Refer to the Machine Applications Corporation, MAC Handbook on the link on tab 05_MAC_Inst for more details.

Optionally D6 the Wind speed may be input for the calculation of the Australian Apparent Temperature. The Australian Apparent Temperature calculation works throughout Earth's normal air temperature range so there is not a requirement for separate Wind Chill and Heat Index formulae and associated restrictions.

B13, Altitude, metres is a required input for elevations other than sea level

When a dry/wet bulb sling hygrometer has been used input the Wet Bulb temperature in B9 with corresponding Dry bulb temperature and the relative Humidity is shown in C9. If there are many Wet Bulb temperatures to be used set cell C6=C9” and then one only need enter the Dry Bulb temperature in cell B6 and Wet Bulb temperature in B9.

The air moisture content properties are output in row 20 with sea level temperature stated. Cells B26:I34 convert temperatures to/from Celsius and Fahrenheit Various Heat Indices are given for those interested in comparing.

02_Comfort

An attempt is made on this tab to “define” the comfort zone in the Philippines. When the air is too dry there maybe issues with nose bleeds and static electricity. Should the air be too moist it will be uncomfortable, condensation is likely and issues arising from the condensation may occur. Days to mould / mold are shown over the range 16^C - 35^C

As noted on the tab there is contradictory information the user if left to decide which is most appropriate in each particular case.

03_Wet_Bulb

This shows my comparison of calculated Relative Humidity values for Dry/Wet Bulb temperatures calculated using the formula given in the link in cell BD6 and those on the Arizona.edu/... web site 2017

04_ASHRAE

This tab shows the comparison of published ASHRAE values and those obtained using 01_Calc tab. The Absolute Humidity, AH, g/m3 values calculated using 01_Calc tab vary by less than 1%.

05_MAC_Inst

The data was extracted from the Machine Applications Corporation PDF handbook and compared with those obtained using 01_Calc tab. The handbook gives a good overview of the fallacies and intricacies of dealing with water vapour.

Below 1% Moisture Vapour, % Mv, the Absolute Humidity, AH g/m3, is overestimated above 10% Mv the Absolute Humidity, AH g/m3 is underestimated. Fortunately even in the tropics rarely does the Percentage Moisture Vapour, % Mv, rise above 4%.

My main concern and use of the spreadsheet is regarding my home so I am happy that the Absolute Humidity, AH, g/m3 conforms to within 1% over the “ASHRAE range” of temperatures as shown in 04_ASHRAE tab. I believe the spreadsheet is “more accurate” than drawing lines a pyschrometric chart.

06_Temp_RH_Td

This is essentially a cut down form of 02_Comfort but is much smaller and therefore more convenient to print for checking that the air is below a certain dew point temperature. At 30^C and 55 RH% or 25^C and 74 RH % the dew point temperature, Td, is 20^C.

The calculations are performed in the Calc_1 and Calc_2 tabs as such they are required.

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