401 Echt Parish
The spelling of “Echt” has varied over the years from “Place Names of West Aberdeenshire”
1220, Hachtis and Eych, Ant. II., 46;
1226, Hcyth, Ant. II., 47.Trustees of Thomas Innes of Learney
1366, Eycht, Col. 219; c.
Echt is probably the name of the builder of the Barmekin of Echt or Dunecht, "Echt's fort." So Duneight, Ireland, is Eochy's fort, Joyce I., 279, Cf. Aedh, Aodh, Heth,
Edh, in Chron. of the Picts and Scots.
[ Dunecht – modern name not on maps before 1843 ]
[ Echt may somehow be associated with Echt https://what3words.com/amused.lament.timeless https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Echt,_Netherlands First recorded in the 7th century, Echt was a village, then within the County of Loon. Between 928 and 939 Gerberga of Saxony gave the estate of "Ettha" and its church to the St Servatius community in Maastricht.
The weavers at Banks of Flindrassie / Findrassie / Finarcy / Finnercy were likely Flemmish.
See Kennethmont Flinders farms 301_Aberdeenshire.html ]
History of Aberdeen and Banff
https://electricscotland.com/history/aberdeen/chapter02.htm The charter is historically important for another reason. It is addressed by David, Earl of Huntingdon and the Garioch, to all his vassals, clergy and laity, Franks (or Normans) and English, Flemings and Scots, and proves that in the latter part of the twelfth century a colony of Flemings was settled in the centre of the county. Multitudes of Flemings who had settled in England, or been engaged as mercenaries in Stephen's wars, came north in consequence of the edict of banishment issued by Henry II. against foreigners soon after his accession (1155). They formed little settlements in many parts of the country, established trade and handicrafts, particularly weaving, and reclaimed waste land. One of these settlements was at Crutertston or Courtieston, in the parish of Leslie, named probably after a Fleming settler; and Flinder, still prominent among the place-names of the neighbourhood, is a further record of this medieval colony. How powerful the Fleming interest was and how deep its roots were struck are shown by the fact that two centuries after Earl David's time the privilege of "Fleming law" was still recognised in the contemporary charters as appertaining to the descendants of the old settlers at Courtieston,1 while similar communities, with similar privilege of government by their own law, were established up and down the country, and persons described by the name Fleming or Flandrensis constantly appear in the charters.
Total area 12003.665 acres 48.577 108 8 km2
Dunecht Estates 36.946 km² http://www.dunechtestates.co.uk/
Cullerlie Estate 11.580 km2 Trustees of Thomas Innes of Learney
In recent years additional land near the villages has been sold by Dunecht Estates to increase the school rolls of both Echt and Dunecht schools. Dunecht village as such with the garage, the terrace, hall, estate offices and yard did not exist on maps prior to 1914. On the Great Britain OS 25Inch 1892-1914 The village name is shown as Waterton on https://maps.nls.uk/geo/explore/#zoom=16&lat=57.17306&lon=-2.41145&layers=168&b=1. The name Dunecht was probably assigned when the village was expanded with the addition of the foregoing garage, etc.
The Forbeses of Echt, an Aberdeenshire family, sprung from the Watertoun branch of the family of Tolquhoun. https://www.electricscotland.com/history/nation/forbes.htm [ it may be that Corsky was succeeded by Waterton and thereafter another owner assigned the name Dunecht ]
The main road to the North of Echt diverged from the current route at https://what3words.com/obviously.deeper.fetches https://maps.nls.uk/geo/explore/#zoom=16&lat=57.16034&lon=-2.43405&layers=5&b=1 and then to Kinnernie and South Achath.
Most of the other private land in the parish is ex-Dunecht Estates that has been sold since about 1960. Farmhouses and farm buildings such as steadings, bothies and stables have been sold off as the the land has been amalgamated with other farms. The idea being to increase the farm areas and make the enlarged farms more viable financially.
Dunecht House has been sold off to James Oag by the heir and second son, http://www.dunechtestates.co.uk/charlespearson.html, of the third Viscount Cowdray.
Dunecht Farms, http://www.dunechtestates.co.uk/ farm most of the land East of the Echt – Dunecht Road and North of Echt – Garlogie bridge at the eastern border.
The parish boundary points on the roads are :-
https://what3words.com/alike.bulge.bronzed Wickerinn East Stones?
https://what3words.com/fruits.declines.blaring Wickerinn West Boundary Stone
https://what3words.com/blaze.tilt.assurance Woodside – Tillyboy Boundary Stone
https://what3words.com/played.serenade.spice A944 W Kinnernie Burn
https://what3words.com/leaky.chatting.hobbyists B977 Corskie Bridge
https://what3words.com/disco.tinny.buzzards A944 E Kinnernie Burn
https://what3words.com/guardian.disgraced.form Near Towers / East Lodges
https://what3words.com/worms.dislodge.luxury Garlogie bridge
https://what3words.com/donor.revise.orbited Gormack Burn, Cullerlie
The following approximate locations were obtained by inspecting the 25 inch OS map(s).
OS Six Inch 1843-1882 Marked as Ordes Cairn https://what3words.com/slanting.smoker.homelands
OS 25 Inch, 1892-1905 Marked as Ordes Cairn (Site of) https://what3words.com/ownership.save.breeze
Aberdeenshire volume 28
Ordnance Survey Name Books
Aberdeenshire OS Name Books, 1865-1871
Aberdeenshire volume 28
List of names as written . . . .ORDE'S CAIRN
Various modes of spelling . . . Orde's Cairn Orde's Cairn Orde's Cairn
Authorities for spelling . . . . Mr. R. May, Mr. Henry, Estate Plan
Situation . . . . . . . . . . . 073
Description remarks . . . . . . Tradition points out the site of this Cairn to be the spot where King Orde fell when engaged in War with the Scots, local tradition says that King Orde was the last Pictish King & is buried here.
Uurad (possibly Ferat or Feradach)
King of the Picts . . . Reign 839–842
Successor Bridei son of Uurad
Uurad or Ferat son of Bargoit (died 842) was king of the Picts, perhaps from 839 to 842. 
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_kings_of_the_Picts Uurad - List of Kings of the Picts
https://anthonyadolph.co.uk/the-pictish-king-list/ Wrad - Pictish King List
Reigned . Name . . . . . Pict Reign Duration
837 839 Eogan . . . . . 2
839 842 Uurad . . . . . 3 . . .. . . Uu (Gaelic) = f (English)
842 843 Bridei VI . . . 1
843 858 Ciniod II . . . 15 Ciniod, Kenneth MacAlpin, first king of Scotland including the Pictish territories after defeating the Picts in battle.
Uurad is also spelt as Wrad on some Pictish King Lists there are various other spelling such as Ferat or Feradach. These maybe due to the various different languages used Latin, Gaelic or English.
Both locations, the OS locations differ by about 15m, of Ordes Cairn were checked and there did not appear to be any visible signs of a cairn remaining.
Young trees have been planted in the area as such it may become more difficult to check the area in future years.
Nearby “circular features” on what3words satellite views of the area.
3 https://what3words.com/piano.myth.palettes The circular features were checked and a tree was found in each location. The circular features maybe due to the trees or preceding trees having changed the soil conditions at each location.
Other Stone Circles, Stones and Cairns
Mill of Hole, Sunhoney and Woodside are in Midmar parish for convenience they have been designated “Echt” by Royal Mail as they are en-route to Westseat and Spittalhillock which are in Echt parish.
The Stone Circle https://what3words.com/beaker.gala.resembles near Sunhoney is in Midmar parish. The Stone Circle https://what3words.com/event.splashes.pounce at Standingstones is in Echt parish.
OSN = STONE CIRCLE [Standingstones] Druidical Temple This is a Small Circle composed of eight round Stones each about four feet high and about twice as many in girth nearly equidistant from one another. It has no distinctive name and nothing is known about it in the Parish more than that it is called The Druidical Circle. the farmer who occupies the farm on which it is on is bound down in his Lease to preserve it - and not allow any of the Stones to be taken away. on the property of Major Innis Torphins
[Page] 35 County of Aberdeen -- Parish of Echt [Note relating to 'Stone Circle'] - Written in compliance with a remark from Southampton
4 https://what3words.com/badge.necklaces.skim this is the location of the middle of 3 standing stones. On the OS 1:25000, 1937-61map this is noted as Stone Circle (Remains of )
OSN = STANDING STONES [New Wester Echt] Druidical Temple [Remains of] Three large standing stones, Supposed to be the remains of a Druidical Temple. They are on the property of Lord Lindsay,
[Page] 12 Aberdeenshire -- Parish of Echt [Note relating to 'Standing Stones'] - Corrected in compliance with a remark from Southampton
5 https://what3words.com/kings.flight.shallower marked as Cairn (Site of).
6 https://what3words.com/plod.dress.loafer marked as stone, no visible sign on what3words satellite view.
7 https://what3words.com/distanced.practical.fuss marked as rubbing stone, no visible sign on what3words satellite view.
8 https://what3words.com/talkers.wove.somebody marked as rubbing stone.
9 https://what3words.com/grapevine.normal.seats marked as cairn.
10 https://what3words.com/cost.riskiest.boats Cat's Cairn possibly an old quarry and the source of the granite for building the Mill of Echt.
The dyke to the east of Cat's Cairn and granite stones in the area to the east of the Hill of Fare are quite pink. https://maps.nls.uk/view/74479883 Shows a road from Wellwood to Cat's Cairn
These maps shows the parish boundaries:- https://maps.nls.uk/geo/boundaries/#zoom=9&lat=57.2059&lon=-.9416&dates=1880&point=57.2252,-2.5735
Assumed line of Dunecht Estates – Cullerlie boundary
https://what3words.com/press.stolen.prongs Queen’s Chair
https://what3words.com/migrate.willpower.melons Meikle Tap cairn
https://what3words.com/playfully.looked.lifts E 002.4457,N57.1112 Dyke
https://what3words.com/cashiers.variation.starlight Burn – Wester Tillyshogle
https://what3words.com/amphibian.poodle.blockage Burn – Gormack West
https://what3words.com/pixies.ascendant.chaos Burn – Gormack East
https://what3words.com/archduke.teardrop.done Burn - Finnercy
https://what3words.com/cured.resorting.happening Burn - West of Northton
https://what3words.com/dizziness.released.named Brewthin West
The foregoing points were used to measure the approximate areas owned by Dunecht Estates 36.946km2 and Cullerlie Estates 11.580km2 so by the approximate measurement the total area is 48.526km2 which compares reasonably with the 48.577km2 recorded by the Ordnance Survey recorded on [map ref]
http://www.whoownsscotland.org.uk/property.php?p=4545 shows the acreage of Cullerlie Estate to be 2933 (11.869km2).
http://www.whoownsscotland.org.uk/property.php?p=4560 the acreage for Dunecht Estate is shown as 13657 however this includes land in the parishes of Cluny and Skene.
The aerial map of Craigenlow quarry, https://what3words.com/fruits.declines.blaring, shows the quarried area is 0.201km2 as such about 2 million m3 of granite has been removed per 10 metres of depth quarried.
Nominally there are two hills in the parish the Barmekin and the Hill o’ Fare, however the Hill o’Fare has eleven named summits. The Barmekin Ordnance Survey Trigonometry Point Pillar is at https://what3words.com/newest.unloads.being.
BARMEKIN HILL A conical hill, planted with fir trees. It is about 1200 feet above the Sea level, Property of Lord Lindsay, Dunecht House,
CAMP Barmekin of Echt Danish Camp This Camp is situated on the Summit of the Barmekin Hill, which is about 1200 feet above the Sea level, The Camp is 560 yards in Circumference, and consists of two walls, which are Surrounded by three ditches, The walls, at one time, have been very strong, but are now, almost level with the ground. The ditches are for the most part entire. Tradition points it out to be Danish. There are the remains of undoubted Gateways on the North & South of this Work & on the east there is a Gap in the inner wall but then stops.
[Page] 62 Aberdeenshire -- Parish of Echt [Note relating to 'Camp'] - Barmekin of Echt " A British Fortification"
The Hill o’Fare is aptly named Horizon Hill, in Scots Gaelic, as viewed from say the Lang Stracht, Kingswells or Carnie on the way from Aberdeen it does appear as though it is flat like the horizon. For those seeking the Corse of Fare, https://what3words.com/cartoons.denoting.afford, marked as Cross of Fare on OS Six inch map of 1883.
OSN = HILL OF FARE A mountainous district, situated in the Phs. [Parishes] of Echt, Midmar, Kincardine O'Neil, and Banchory Ternan. In circumference about 17 miles and comprehensively known as the Hill of Fare - many other names being given to prominent knolls within the radius, The portion of this hill, in Echt ph. [parish] rises abruptly on all sides from the Surrounding Cultivated land, thickly wooded from the base upwards for about half a mile, property of Lord Lindsay and Major Innes Imperial Gazetteer. "Fare (Hill of) A broad based eminence, of 17 miles in Circumference, and 1,794 feet in altitude, on the mutual border of Aberdeenshire and Kincardineshire. It forms a part of the north screen of the Dee, and belongs to the parish of Echt, Midmar Kincardine O'Neil, and Banchory Ternan. It affords excellent pasture for sheep, producing mutton of a very Superior flavour. The interior part contains valuable moss for fuel, Here are chalybeate Springs, the water of which is dyed of a deep black by a small infusion of tea" Old Statistical Account. "In the middle of this eminence is the vale of Corrichie, well known as the scene of battle, wherein the Contending parties were headed by the Marquis of Huntly, and the Earl of Murray. A small possession on the north side of the hill, retains the name of Craig Hume, in memory of one of that family, who was slain in that battle"
The summits of the Hill o’ Fare are:-
Parish of Echt
https://what3words.com/ketchup.dorms.video Meikle Tap 359.4m
https://what3words.com/foster.screaming.living Ordnance Survey Trigonometry Point Pillar
OSN = MEIKLE TAP This name applies to the Second highest Top in the parish of Echt Greymore being the highest, it is rather conspicuous from the South or Dee side and forms one of the many tops of the Hill of Fare it produces good rocky heathy pasture, The Hill of Fare here is wooded as far as wood will grow. the property of Major Innes Torphins
Greymore is on the boundary between the parishes of Echt and Midmar
https://what3words.com/floating.flotation.summit Greymore 393.5m
OSN = GREYMORE A very prominent feature of the hill of Fare, supposed height - 1794 feet - above the level of the Sea. A stone wall, which divides the phs [parishes] of Echt and Midmar, commences at the source of Greymore Burn, crosses its summit, and leaves Greymore equally in the aforementioned parishes.
OSN = GREYMORE BURN Burn of Greymore A small stream gathering on the Hill of Fare, near the feature called Greymore, and after serving for a short distance as the Ph [Parish] Boundary falls into the Gormack Burn within Midmar Parish.
Parish of Banchory-Ternan
https://what3words.com/snitch.loves.sniff Berry Hill 233.2m
https://what3words.com/banana.dunk.aunts Myreyhill 282.5m
https://what3words.com/useful.musically.mascot Craigbeg 272.2m
https://what3words.com/journey.embellish.spent Hill of Kennerty 215.5m
https://what3words.com/ferried.tigers.pulses Hill of Corfeidly 430.7m
https://what3words.com/brownish.throw.daring Craigrath 435.6m
https://what3words.com/misty.unfounded.blur Hill of Fare 470.9m
https://what3words.com/starters.hiker.worms Brown Hill 280.4m
https://what3words.com/attention.diagram.burden Blackyduds 433.4m
Tornamean is on the boundary between the parishes of Banchory-Ternan and Midmar
https://what3words.com/quality.brass.tearfully Tornamean 457.8m
Parish of Midmar
Hill o’Fare locations associated with the battle of Corrichie 1562
https://what3words.com/unpacked.brief.sideburns Battle of Corrichie AD 1562
https://what3words.com/directive.farmer.season Queen’s Well
https://what3words.com/press.stolen.prongs Queen’s Chair
https://what3words.com/certainty.barks.forgiving Gordon’s How(e)
The Queen, Mary Queen of Scots, in some tales watched the battle, others she was in Aberdeen during the battle and visited to see the site afterwards en-route to the South via the Cryne Corse. Some say was not at the battle and did not visit in the aftermath.
Burning of the Church of Echt 1558
History of Aberdeen and Banff
(1900) by William Watt
The younger co-heiress of Keith of Inverugie was the wife of William, Lord Forbes, and contributed to the further enrichment of the head of a powerful connection which, in addition to the older Forbes properties, now held most of the Vale of Alford, and had offshoots dotted all over the county, as at Pitsligo, Tolquhon, Echt, Cromar, Towie, and Monymusk. The precedent of Deer was followed at the Priory of Monymusk, where a Forbes prior completed the surrender to his family connection of all the landed possessions and revenues under his control. So likewise a member of the Leslie family became commendator of Lindores, and the Lindores revenues in Aberdeenshire passed . nto the hands of the Leslies. These great territorial families, all implicated in the diversion of Church property and revenues, were differently affected at different times towards the change of religion. In general terms it may be said that they worked for the overthrow of the Church, and when the change in religion took place their policy had for one of its great objects to withhold the old ecclesiastical endowments from the Protestant establishment. The fourth Earl Marischal's conduct was ambiguous in every sense except that he clung tenaciously to as many of these endowments as he could bring into his grasp. As a politician he had wavered and temporised, but when the Estates met in August 1560 to adopt the Protestant Confession as the established creed of Scotland he took the lead in moving its adoption, declaring that he had long had some favour for " the truth" and suspicion of " the papistical religion/' but now was fully resolved to approve the one and condemn the other. Eighteen months afterwards the leader of the Protestant party, Lord James Stewart, became his son-in-law. Marischal now identified himself with the Court party as against the more extreme Lords of the Congregation and ministers of the Kirk, and when, after Mary's abdication, there was a fresh division of parties, with the adherents of the king on one side and those of the queen on the other, he withdrew from active life, and was seldom seen outside the Castle of Dunnottar.
As Huntly was the head of the Catholic party, his rivals, the Forbeses, naturally drew to the other side, and some of the chiefs of the Forbes clan were already avowed Protestants, while the Keiths and the Irvines were likewise showing an inclination towards the Reforming party. One of the first signs of religious revolution in Aberdeenshire was the burning of the church of Echt about 1558, and the monitions against the perpetrators that were sent to Auchindoir and Kearn, among other places, suggest that the Forbeses were believed to be concerned in the outrage.
The clergy began at last to be thoroughly alarmed. They were well aware how much the evil lives of their own order had to do with the peril that portended the overthrow of the Church. A document has been preserved which brings before us with remarkable vividness the state of religion in the diocese of Aberdeen, and especially at its headquarters. In view of the crisis that had arisen, as evidenced by the influential adhesion to the Bond of 1557, or First Covenant, by which the Lords of the Congregation, as they henceforth called themselves, renounced the authority of the Church of Rome, and the ominous agitation that had followed the burning of "Walter Mill at St Andrews for heresy, Bishop Gordon asked the dean and chapter for their advice in regard to the Reformation and the suppression of heresy. The response to this request was given in a memorial in which the bishop was recommended to cause the clergy of his diocese to reform themselves as regards their scandalous manner of living and put away their " open concubines," under the penalties imposed by the provincial synods, the members of the chapter being themselves exhorted to do likewise "in all sharpest manner." The second recommendation was that the non - resident abbots and priors, who absorbed so much of the ecclesiastical revenues, should be requested to provide for at least one sermon to be preached in every parish church between the date of the memorial and Fastern's Even and another before Easter, and so on according to the regulations of the Church, and in the event of non - compliance that the bishop should himself provide preachers and set the law in motion against the defaulters; and that all who were absent from their own parish churches, especially from the sacrifice of the mass, should be cited before the ecclesiastical judges. Other recommendations were that the Earl of Huntly, as bailie of the diocese, or a "principal landed man of his km," as also the feuars of the Church lands, should attend before the bishop on appointed days to give assistance in defending and maintaining the Catholic faith, and that special admonition should be given in the churches of New Aberdeen, Banchory-Ternan, Echt, Kinnernie, Midmar, Auchindoir, and Kearn, to all who were concerned in or knew about the burning of the church of Echt, or the casting down of images in any church within the diocese, calling upon them to reveal what they knew to the bishop or his commissaries. Lastly, in order that the advice given might have the better effect, the bishop himself was entreated to show a good example, especially by removing from his company the gentlewoman through whom he caused great scandal, and by shunning the company of those suspected of heresy and choosing associates befitting his position.1The memorial is signed by the dean (Erskine), treasurer, sub-chanter, several canons, and two well-known men—John Leslie, or Lesley, afterwards Bishop of Ross, and Alexander Anderson, Sub-Principal of King's College. Such was the advice offered in this remarkable memorial, which closed with the expression of a belief that were the advice acted upon all would yet come well. Bad as was the conduct of Bishop Gordon, however, it would probably be unjust to the diocese of Aberdeen to suppose that its condition was worse than that of the other dioceses of Scotland. In the 'Ecclesiae Scoticanae Statuta,' the publication of which, with its exhaustive and luminous Preface, was Dr Joseph Robertson's last and most important service to Scottish history, it is seen that all through the three centuries of Scottish ecclesiastical legislation the vices of the clergy stand confessed, deplored, and condemned in the provincial and synodal canons. So it was also, however, throughout Western Christendom. The Councils sought in vain to recall the clergy to a sense of their duty; in vain were the satires written of Lyndsay and Buchanan as of Chaucer, Rabelais, and Erasmus. James V., with no liking for the Lutheran doctrines, had with great plainness of speech exhorted the bishops and clergy of Scotland to reform their lives under a threat that if his warning were neglected he would deal with them after the fashion of his uncle in England, and had in his last Parliament declared that the misconduct of the clergy was the reason why the Church and churchmen were derided and despised. Therefore although the diocese of Aberdeen was deplorably unfortunate in its last pre-Reformation bishop, the authentic records of the time involve too many of his brethren, from Cardinal Beaton downward, in the same condemnation. Only a few years before, indeed, there had been in Aberdeen the flagrant scandal of the outrageously immoral life of John Elphinstone, rector of Invernochty, culminating in murder and in a violent assault on a clergyman engaged in the performance of service in the cathedral. The Church had found itself impotent to deal with evils that made it a reproach among men. Its clergy were corrupt and ignorant, and its overgrown endowments, amounting in Scotland to probably half the wealth of the country, had led to the appointment of unfit men to the greater benefices. The foisting by the Earl of Huntly of a member of the Gordon family into the episcopal office on the death of Elphinstone, and the unhappy appointment, in the next generation, of the uncle of the earl then in possession, are examples of a prevailing practice which was to have its full fruit, on in the spoliation of the Church through lay incumbents connected with noble and landed families.
Burns - Water Courses of the Parish
The North West, North and East of the parish boundary is largely defined by the Kinnernie, Corskie and Leuchar Burns which are a continuation of each other.
OSN = KINNERNIE BURN This stream rises in the parish of Midmar, and receives this name until it becomes the boundary between the parishes of Echt and Cluny, it is afterwards called Corskie Burn.
OSN = CORSKIE BURN This Stream rises in the parish of Midmar and falls into the Loch of Skene. It receives this name from the place at which it becomes the boundary between the parishes of Echt and Cluny to the aforementioned Loch.
OSN = CORSKIE BRIDGE A small Stone bridge of one arch spanning the Corskie Burn on the Statute Labor Road leading from Kintore to Echt. built and repaired by the Parishes of Echt and Cluny.
OSN = LOCH OF SKENE A large fresh water Loch on the Boundary between Echt and Skene parishes the joint property of the Earl of Fife and Lord Lindsay, in shape it is nearly round with low banks partly arable partly peat and partly wooded, it is supplied by several Small Streams and is the natural reservoir which Supplies a corn mill and Garlogie Wool Mill with water power
OSN = LEUCHAR BURN A Stream issuing from the Loch of Skene and flowing in a southerly direction into the River Dee after leaving the Loch its natural course is turned to work a Woolen and Corn Mill, it retains this name as long as it forms the boundary between the parishes of Echt & Skene it is then called Culter Burn.
OSN = GARRACK BURN A Stream collecting adjacent to Nashick and flowing easterly till it falls into the Leuchar Burn at Garlogie Mill, the whole of it has been Straightened within the last few years forming a drain partly through moss and partly through arable, it takes its name from an adjacent Farm
[Page] 18 Parish Echt [Note relating to 'Garrack Burn'] - now Garrick Val [Valuation] Roll & is so prond. [pronounced]. [Initialled] JMcD
OSN = GORMACK BURN A considerable stream gathering on that part of the Hill of Fare within Banchory Ternan Parish. Co [County] Kincardine and flowing generally in a Southeasterly direction through Midmar, Echt and Peterculter Parishes joins the Culter Burn near Wauk Mill in the last named Parish.
The Gormack Burn starts in the Howe of Lythebauds https://what3words.com/after.elders.entitle in the parish of Banchory-Ternan and then flows through Midmar parish past Mill o’Hole 120m from the West parish boundary the Mill of Echt Mill lead splits off from the Gormack at https://what3words.com/stoppage.fixture.stopped. The Gormack forms a short length, about 150m of the boundary from https://what3words.com/solves.blackbird.steam to https://what3words.com/this.traded.huddling. Further burns join the Gormack at:-
Sauchenbush and Whitehills at https://what3words.com/loud.clincher.cowboy.
Hillbrae/ Sandyhillock at https://what3words.com/dreading.down.magazines
Echt, Myriewells and North Mains at https://what3words.com/lungs.otherwise.acute
Mid-Landerberry at https://what3words.com/limitless.savers.since
Landerberry Burn at https://what3words.com/tuxedos.ants.trapdoor
OSN = LANDERBERRY BURN Landerberry Burn a small stream gathering on the "Hill of Fare and pursuing a North easterly Course of about 2 miles till it joins Gormack Burn near Cowiehillock.
GORDON'S HOW Gordon's Moss A small Valley through which Landerberry Burn flows, local tradition points out this place as the spot where the Marquis of Huntly was killed having fled thus far from the Battle of Corrichie fought 28th Octr [October] 1562. More authorities will yet be got for this name.
Wester Tillyshoggle at https://what3words.com/initiated.sensitive.mailboxes
East Finnercy, Northton at https://what3words.com/pixies.ascendant.chaos these last two burns form part of the Cullerlie – Dunecht Estates border.
Silverstripe from https://what3words.com/analogy.tasteful.snap
to https://what3words.com/yacht.elbowed.hologram the Gormack Burn defines the South parish boundary.
OSN = SILVERSTRIPE BURN A Small Stream flowing from the South-east base of the Hill of Fare in an easterly direction forming a part of the South boundary of the parish till it falls into the Gormack Burn adjacent to the Milltown the most of its course is Artificial.
Begsburn at https://what3words.com/cuts.veal.backswing, Begsburn defines the South East parish boundary.
BEGS BURN A Small Stream, or rather Drain, flowing in a Southerly direction & forming a part of the east boundary of the parish. It collects a little north of Easter Hill and falls into the Gormack Burn South of Begsburn it is all artificial.
Echt public water was from the reservoir constructed near Woodside at https://what3words.com/daring.lion.race a connection was made to the Brathens supply prior to the development of Barmekin Park.
The Dunecht Estate water supply was from the reservoir on the Landerberry Burn at https://what3words.com/outlines.cascaded.nurture. As far as is known water was stored in the reservoir at https://what3words.com/delivers.digit.summaries for distribution to Dunecht House and the Dunecht area in general.
The farms had their own or a water supply shared with a neighbour. In some cases water had to be hand pumped in the days before electricity. Milton of Finnercy had a wind powered pump.
Hydro Electric were persuaded by the Third Viscount Cowdray to install electric supplies to the estate properties this was still on going in the mid 1950’s. Prior to the coming of grid electricity paraffin lamps etc. were used to provide light on the farms and houses.
The Third Viscount Cowdray also persuaded the National Grid that the new pylons in late 1960’s – early 1970’s should should be routed to the West of the Barmekin rather than being in the vicinity of Dunecht House.
Prior to Hydro Electric Dunecht House had a private hydro electric scheme powered by water from the Loch of Skene https://what3words.com/drive.permit.cabinets impounded by the Garlogie dam https://what3words.com/fabricate.passport.someone. The generator is still in existence September, 2023 https://what3words.com/towel.irritable.wasp. Garlogie Beam Engine Trust are now looking after the generator and ancilliary devices.
Garlogie Dam has been breached to allow the passage of fish upstream.
John Speed’s The Kingdome of Scotland 1610 imprint / 1627 issue? https://maps.nls.uk/view/00000201 shows Marr at it’s greatest extent. In the West it is from Loch Ness, South to the River Spean and then Loch Tay East to Dunkeld and North to Loch Muick the start of the southern boundary to Aberdeen. The northern boundary is the River Don the over to Loch Ness.
The area of Marr is much reduced in Robert Greene’s Imprint of 1679 https://maps.nls.uk/scotland/rec/2775
Marr was memorably divided :-
Braemar - the braes of Marr
Cromar - the bowl of Marr, area near Tarland
Migmar - the plain of Marr (now Midmar – typographical error in days gone bye)
Herman Moll’s (died 1732) Imprint of 1745 https://maps.nls.uk/view/00000262 is the earliest map found to date showing Aberdeenshire being the combination of Buchan and Marr.
John Elphinstone’s Imprint of 1745 https://maps.nls.uk/view/74400596 probably shows the line of the older border Marr as the border between Angus and Gaurie.
Timothy Pont Maps of Scotland Imprint ca. 1583-1596 https://maps.nls.uk/view/00002300 the following places in the parish are shown:-
Water Echt Wester Echt Old?
Tillachaudy Tillyfoddie? See below “Place Names of Aberdeenshire”
# # # TABLE # # #
Pont 1583 - 1596 Roy Highlands 1747 – 1752 Aaron Arrowsmith 1807 2021
East Woodside E. Woodside East Woodside
Blackdams Blackdams Braehead
Wester Collarly W. Collarty West Cullerlie
E. Collarty Templefold? Coyd??? Coydy Quiddie? Quiddiesmill?
Clawthwalls Clawthwatts Cornhill? Northton?
Finnersy Finnarcy Finarcybeg Finarey-beg South Finnarcy? Finarcymor Finarey-more Bank of Finnarcy?
Woodside Woodside Woodside
Grantsfield Grantsfd. Sandyhillock? Hillbrae?
Moinecht Mon Echt Mon Echt Monecht
Echt K of Echt Echt Echt C of Echt Church of Echt Ho of Echt Old Echt
Cott of Tullyboy Possibly Whitehills cottages
Tullyboy Tullyhay Tillyboy
E Echt Easter Echt
Colphosy Colphooy Culfossie
Water Echt Wester Echt Old? Wester Echt Wester Echt
Kirk of Kineirny K of Karney Kinearny Kinnernie Old Church
Broomhill Brawnhil Broomhill
Housedale Housedale Housedale
Bridge of Cosky Corskie Br. Dunecht
Tillachaudy Upper Cosky Tillyfoddie?
Bervy Bervie Bervie Inn Corskie
# # # END of TABLE # # #
Roy Highlands 1747 – 1752 https://maps.nls.uk/geo/explore/#zoom=12&lat=56.96430&lon=-2.47132&layers=3&b=1
Aaron Arrowsmith 1807 https://maps.nls.uk/geo/explore/#zoom=12&lat=56.96430&lon=-2.47132&layers=123969245&b=1
In Aaron Arrowsmith’s map of 1807 the main road through Echt is North-South. South to Balbridie or Banchory-Ternan then three routes South to Laurencekirk and one via Fettercairn. North via Kinearny to Monymusk and onwards North Oyne then Old Rayne. These are believed to be the cattle drove routes prior to the coming of the railways.
The East road is shown as joining the Aberdeen Skene road at Bredstraik. Also shown is an Echt western North-South bypass from Kinearny via Tullyhay to East Woodside. To the South East of Echt another minor road is shown heading towards Durris. Both of these roads may have been to avoid large herds of cattle passing through the village of Echt itself.
There are two roads shown West of Echt one West of Woodside to Turfins. As shown on the map this implies a route over the Hill o’Fare. The other road is via Tullyhay to Midmar. Taking Tullyhay to be Tillyboy this route may have been via Tillyboy or Whitehills due West to Midmar Church. A route prior to deepening the Gormack Burn may have been Upper Mains, Hillside, North Tillydaff, Hillhead of Midmar, Midmar Church.
http://www.localdroveroads.co.uk/scotland/ on this link a map is shown “All Roads Lead to Falkirk” https://www.ambaile.org.uk/asset/316/1/ “DESCRIPTION: This map shows droving roads all over Scotland, it is not comprehensive but does show all the major routes. “ “CREATOR (AV): A.R.B. Haldane “
era.ed.ac.uk/handle/1842/34605 The drove roads of Scotland ... View/ HaldaneARB_1952redux.pdf (50.48Mb) Date 1952 Author Haldane, Archibald Richard Burdon
... English cattle dealers started to come to the markets of Central Scotland in search of beasts in 1766, and Scottish drovers and dealers soon entered the trade in competition with them. This date may be taken as marking the beginning of droving on a large scale … .
The north-eastern corner of Scotland now under consideration can be divided roughly into three sections. Of these, the most easterly consists of a relatively flat coastal plain stretching South from Banff and Fraserburgh on the Moray Firth to Stonehaven and the coast of Angus. To the west of this Lowland section a belt of hilly but not mountainous country extends south from Banff and the mouth of the Spey to Kirriemuir and Brechin in Angus, including in its area the valleys of the Deveron and its tributaries and the middle courses of the Don and the Dee. Westward again, from Elgin and Forres in the Morayshire plain
a belt of high and mountainous land stretches south to Blairgowrie, Dunkeld and the valleys of the lower Tay. Within this area are included the middle reaches of the Spey, the Cairngorm Mountains, the forest of Glenavon, Mar and Atholl and the high hills which stand round the head waters of the Don and the Dee.
The difficulties of the task of tracing today the drove roads of these several areas is determined largely by the nature of the country through which they passed. ...
[ Due to the availability of the National Library of Scotland maps this it is now not so onerous to trace the probable drove road routes. Northern parts of Aberdeenshire had three “collection points” Old Deer /Aikey Fair, Old Rayne, and Huntly. ]
The probable drove road route was Old Deer ,Fyvie, Old Rayne, Fetternear, Monymusk, Kinearny, Echt, Banchory Ternan or Balbriddie as shown on Aaron Arrowsmiths map of 1807, https://maps.nls.uk/geo/explore/#zoom=11&lat=57.07195&lon=-2.45566&layers=123969245&b=1 Huntly had two choices via Old Rayne or via Gartly, Kennethmont, Clatt, Lumphanan to Kincardine O’Neil.
From Aaron Arrowsmith’s map there would appear to be three choices of route through Echt parish. The choice of route may have been dictated as to how wet the land was at the time of the drove.
1 West of Craiginglow Wood 1A via Kinnernie, Uppermuir, Tillyronach, with a stop at Spittalhillock. The Gormack Burn would then have been crossed at Sunhoney or Mill O’Hole the around the base of the |Hill O’Fare to Wellwood and onwards to East Woodside and Banchory-Ternan. This avoids Echt village.
1B via Broomhill, Upper Broomhill, Old Wester Echt to Echt. As there was a school at Hillside there is likely to have been a route connecting Upper Broomhill and Hillside if scholars were to attend from Kinernnie. So another possible route may have been Upper Broomhill, Hillside, Upper Mains,
2 East of Craiginglow Wood https://what3words.com/abode.gazes.intruded and then Old Wester Echt. If passing through Echt it would have been onwards via Woodside. How wet was the land between South Kirkton and Wellwood in 1790? From the Statistical Accounts it is presumed that this may be some of the land that was drained by deepening the Gormack Burn downstream of South Kirkton.
3 The drovers on routes 1B and 2 had a choice before reaching Echt village to turn East towards North Mains, Tillymannoch, Nashick, Braigiewell, Northton, Cullerlie on to Coupers Road (as marked on the 1843 – 1882 OS map). This route ties in well with the route shown on A Aaron Arrowsmith’s map as it passes the East end of the Loch of Drum. From the end of Coupers Road to Wester Durris, Spyhill and on to the Cryne Corse Road over the Grampians/ The Mounth.
Aberdeen was joined to the south by rail in 1850, http://www.ciltscotland.com/arcmr051107.php
The drove road use in Aberdeenshire probably diminished with the opening of the Kittybrewster Huntly section of the Great North of Scotland Railway in 1854. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_North_of_Scotland_Railway
Northern Rural Life in the Eighteenth Century
COUNTRY FAIRS—THEIR ORIGIN AND CHARACTER
Cattle and horses chiefly were the animals exposed for sale at the fair, very few sheep being reared in the districts around it. Most of the cattle sold in the fair were driven south by Savock of Deer, Tarves, Inverurie, Echt, Banchory, the Cairn o’ Month, &c., to be fattened on the rich pastures of England. Seventy years ago as many as 6000 beasts are said to have passed through Tarves in a continuous drove, a mile long, on their way south on the day after the fair. In 1836, however, only 2200 cattle were counted - on this road on the same day, while at the present day not over 250 in all appear in the fair, though in 1876 as many as 600 horses were shown.
[seems to confirm the route South from Aikey Fair / Old Deer . If they passed through Tarves in a continuous drove it is likely they passed through Echt and other places en-route as a continuous drove.] ...
The Statistical Account of Scotland
Drawn Up From the Communications of the Ministers of the Different Parishes By Sir John Sinclair
Volume Thirteenth Edinburgh
Printed and Sold by William Creech;
And also Sold by J. Donaldson, A Guthrie, And Jo. Fairbairn Edinburgh; T. Cadell, J, Debrett And J. Sewel, London; Dunlop and Wilson, Glasgow; Angus and Son Aberdeen.
Pg 615 (as numbered in the original book)
Number XXXIX Parish of Echt, (County and Synod of Aberdeen, Presbytery of Kincardine O’Neil) By The Rev Mr Alexander Henderson
Situation, Extent, Soil, Climate, etc.
The parish of Echt is situated about 10 English miles W. from Aberdeen. It extends about 4 1/2 English miles from E. to W. and as may from S. to N. being in form nearly square. There is no exact measurement of the parish. It may contain 10,000 or 11,000 acres. Of these, however, there is not one third part arable; and of the arable ground, scarcely on fifth part infield, the other four fifths being outfield, or low swampy grounds, called laighs. It may be called a hilly district but the hills are not high. Many of them are so gentle acclivity, that they are ploughed to the top; some of them are covered with heath, and a few of them are rocky. The soil is various. That of the infield is mostly a light loam and some clay. The outfields in general are of a
light sandy soil, and the low grounds are for the most part mossy. The climate in the centre of the parish, called the How of Echt, is mild, and the parish in general is earlier than most places in the neighbourhood, and highly susceptible to improvement. The air is not unhealthy, and there are no local diseases in the parish, but such as are common to the country around. The most prevalent are rheumatisms and nervous fevers.
Population – The return of Dr Webster in 1755 was 1277 souls. In the beginning of the year 1793, there were in the parish of Echt 963 persons, of whom there were 447 males, and 516 females.Under 10 years of age . . . . . . . . . . . 201
Above 10 and under 20 years of age 161
Above 20 and under 50 years of age 388
Above 50 and under 70 years of age 164
Above 70 and under 80 years of age 41
Above 80 and under 90 years of age 8
All are of the Established Church, except 8 Burgher Seceders, and 2 Episcopalians, The annual average births for twenty years preceding 1793, is nearly, males 12 females 11; marriages 5.
Division of the Inhabitants Etc. - There are in the parish 1 residing heritor, 1 clergyman, 1 schoolmaster, 2 students at Universities, 3 merchants, 4 gardeners, 14 weavers, 2 shoemakers, 9 tailors, 4 millers, 6 blacksmiths, 1 wheelwright, 1 cooper and 6 joiners and house carpenters. The rest of the inhabitants are are farmers and subtenants, or cottagers and servants, employed by the farmers. The women, except in the time of peat digging and harvest, are generally employed in knitting stockings for the Aberdeen manufacturers, who come to the country once a month, and at different
houses of the parish, give out to those who are employed by them dressed wool, to be spun and knitted against the time they next come round, and to take in and pay for the stockings during the preceding month. This is the only branch of manufacture with which the parish is in anyway connected. There are 255 inhabited houses in the parish, of which 35 are inhabited by single persons, and 45 by two persons only.Date 1952 Author Haldane, Archibald Richard Burdon General Character – The people are in general sober, regular, and industrious. They are economical rather than expensive, yet humane and hospitable. They are of simple manners, peaceable in their disposition, and inoffensive in their behaviour. They enjoy in a reasonable degree the comforts and conveniences of society, and seem contented with their situation and circumstances. They are of the ordinary stature, healthy, strong enough for their size. Crops, State of Agriculture etc. – The principal crops raised in the parish are oats and barley. Some rye and pease, and, of late years, some turnips and and hay are also raised in the parish, and potatoes, cabbages, and greens, sufficient for the consumption of the inhabitants. The old method of farming is by far most generally used in the district, and improvement is as yet just only in its infancy. The ridges are crooked, and in many places the tops of them raised more than two feet above the level of the furrows. All infield grounds are kept almost constantly in crop. The common , indeed it may be said the only, rotation is barley and oats. About 1/3 part, or as much as can be got dunged, is annually sown with barley, and the rest with oats. The only preparation for a barley crop is a ribbing, after the field is dunged, and a single ploughing just before it is sown. As much of the outfield and low
grounds as can be got ploughed, is also cropped with oats. The consequences of this treatment is, that the fields are scourged and over-run with weeds, and the farmer for his labour has often but a poor return. Within these few years, however, some of the more opulent of the farmers have begun to adopt a different plan, both with their infield and outfield lands. They have levelled, straightened, and cleaned part of their infields, and after liming and a turnip crop, have laid them out in grasses with a crop of barley. The turnips have been found to answer remarkably well; the barley crops have been plentiful, and the grain of excellent quality; and the hay crops not at all despicable. A few of the farmers have also limed some of their outfields, and laid them out in grasses. This they also found greatly to improve their pasture. Scarce any of the infields have as yet been broken up after this treatment; but there cannot be a doubt, that they will turn out far more productive than they formerly were; and it is to be hoped, that the success with which the experiments already made have been attended, will encourage those who have made them to go on, enlarge their plans, and induce others to follow their example. Although luxuriant crops cannot be expected from the mode of cultivation above mentioned, most generally in use, yet there is more grain raised in the parish than is necessary for the maintenance of the inhabitants; and the send annually to the Aberdeen market a considerable quantity of meal and some barley. There are besides, several other articles of provision, such as butter, cheese, ducks, hens, eggs etc. carried to the same market; and by it the prices of all these different articles are generally regulated in the parish. Number of Cattle, Sheep, and Horses – The number of black cattle in the parish may amount to about 950, of
sheep to 1500, and of horses 165. The cattle, sheep and horses are in general but of small size. There are in the parish 53 Scotch, and 5 small English ploughs, all drawn by six, eight or ten oxen, or by four oxen and two horses, except 1 drawn by two oxen, 3 by two horses, and 5 or 6 by four horses. There are 74 carts and 1 waggon. Rent of the parish, and Number of Proprietors – The valued rent of the parish is L, 2364, 15s Scots. The real rent is not known. There are four proprietors, of whom only one resides in the parish. The estate of Echt was long inn the possession of proprietors of the name of Forbes, and was sold by them about 60 years ago to the late Earl of Fife, who settled upon it his second son, the Honourable Alexander Duff, the present proprietor. He removed his place of residence in the year 1768 from the old house at Echt to Housedale, another part of the parish, about two English miles from the old house of Echt, where he has built a commodious house and offices, and made out a garden of 2 acres, a great part of which is surrounded with a stone and lime wall of about 12 feet high. He also enclosed and improved, from a barren moor, which produced nothing but heath, broom and furze, about 80 Scotch acres, which he has laid down with turnip, barley, oats, and different grasses. He has likewise planted at Housedale about 150 acres of hill ground with different kinds of trees, such as Scotch fir, pine, larix, oak beech, mountain ash etc. and they are all at present in a thriving condition. Stipend. Poor etc. - The living consists of 16 bolls of barley, 32 bolls of meal, at 8 stone to the boll, L. 46 : 13 : 3 11/12 Sterling in money, and a glebe of about 4 ½ acres. The Honourable Alexander Duff of Echt, the principal and only residing heritor, is patron. The church and manse
are old; a new set of offices have just been built. – The parochial funds for the poor arise from the weekly collections in the church, mortcloth dues etc. which at an average, amount annually to about L. 11 6s Sterling; from the interest of L. 260 Sterling, a sum accumulated from the savings of former years, except two legacies left for the behoof of the poor, under the management of the kirk-session, amounting to L.67 : 15 : 6 2/3 Sterling; and from a small annuity, 10 merks Scots, left by the late MR Dudd of Premnay, for the for behoof of such of the poor as live in that part of the lands and barony of Culter, which lies in the parish of Echt. The number of poor at present on the parish roll is 20. They receive quarterly, or once every 3 months, from 2 s. to 6 s. each, as their circumstances and necessities require. Besides the poor other necessitous persons in the parish occasionally receive relief. The average sum distributed among them is about L. 19 sterling. The Honourable Alexander Duff of Echt also bestows annually 4 bolls of meals upon the inrolled poor belonging to his estate. Antiquities – On top of the Barmekin, a conical hill, the highest inn the parish except the hill of Fair, of which notice is taken in the Statistical Account of the parish of Midmar, there is an ancient fortification, about which tradition is silent. The remains of two dry stone walls, and of 3 ditches without these, are definitely visible, The walls and the ditches are all circular*. * The inner wall appears to have been about 12 feet thick, the outer only five or six. The circumference of the inner wall is about 330 yards; that of the outer ditch is about 560. The distance between the inner wall and the inner ditch is about 16 yards; between the inner wall and the outer **
** (ex pg 621) outer ditch about 36. There are five different entrances into the area enclosed within the inner wall; one on the E, one on the S. one on the S. W. one on the W. and one on the N. All the entrances are in an oblique direction. The outer is said to be more modern than the inner, and to have been built of stones taken from the inner wall, as a fence for trees, which one of the proprietors of the estates of Echt planted in the last century on the summit of the hill, but of which there are now no vestiges remaining. The seems not improbable, as it is much more entire than the inner wall, and besides there is no entrance left through it into the inner area, although all the five entrances above mentioned are very perceptible through the ditches and the inner wall. On the S. of the Barmekin, and at the distance of a bout two furlongs from the foot of it, there is one cairn, or large heap of stones, and another on the N. at the like distance. There are also three other cairns, a great many tumuli in different parts of the parish, and the
remains of three Druidical temples.
Miscellaneous Observations – Almost the only fuel used is peat and turf, both of which are got in plenty in the parish The roads were originally made, and are still kept in very good repair by statute-labour, exacted in kind. Little of the parish is enclosed, except Mr Duff’s farm at House dale above mentioned##.
## In the years 1782 and 1783, the parish of Echt was by no means exempt from the general calamity. It suffered considerably from the lateness of the harvest 1782, but less than many other parishes around. Owing to the earliness of the soil and the climate, most of the barley was ripened, and a good deal of the oats filled, and tolerably ripened, before the intense frosts and snow came on; but the latest both of both of barley was lost by the frost, and a considerable deficiency found in the crop. The poorer of the inhabitants were kept from feeling the extremities of want by the exertions of the kirk-session, who bought a considerable quantity of meal and distributed it among the poor upon the parish-roll instead of money and sold it out to other indigent persons in the parish at a reduced price. The parish received but a small proportion of the meal and pease granted by Government in summer 1783 for the relief of the poor in the northern districts of Scotland, viz five bolls of meal and two bolls of pease.
… https://archive.org/details/b21365805_0012/page/n753/mode/2up https://archive.org/details/b21365805_0012/page/n761/mode/2up https://stataccscot.edina.ac.uk/static/statacc/dist/viewer/nsa-vol12-Parish_record_for_Echt_in_the_county_of_Aberdeen_in_volume_12_of_account_2/ ...
The New Statistical Account of Scotland
By The Ministers Of The Respective Parishes
Under The Superintendence Of A Committee Of The Society For The Benefit Of The Sons And Daughters Of The Clergy.
William Blackwood and Sons
Edinburgh and London
Parish of Echt
Presbytery of Kincardine O’Neil, Synod of Aberdeen
The Rev. William Ingram, Minister
I, - Topography And Natural History.
Name. - The etymology of Echt is not know with certainty. An old tradition refers it to the Gaelic word “Each,” which signifies a horse. It bears that a division of an ancient Caledonian army having encamped in this parish, the officers and men, in the time of a severe drought, were reduced to great straits for want of water, when a horse which had been brought to camp was seen to gallop to a spot where he had been accustomed to drink; and that, by pawing and scratching with his feet, some signs of water were discovered; in which spot, a well having been dug, afforded relief from thirst to the army. In memory of that event, this particular district, and afterwards the parish, is said to have been designated by the above term.
[The tale above is unlikely due to the abundance of water courses near the village such as the Gormack Burn and it’s tributaries. On the 1892-1905 OS 25 a dam sluice is shown at https://what3words.com/compose.reliving.snippets indicating there was sufficient water to be dammed.
There was a book in Echt School, circa 1990, with a story of a horse but it related to a siege of the camp on top of the Barmekin. The story being that the horse found the water supply pipe from the Hill O’Fare to the Barmekin fortification. The pipe was cut and those in the fort surrendered. Another variation of the tale above.]
Extent etc. - The parish of Echt lies West from Aberdeen, the eastern extremity nearly ten, and the western fourteen miles from that city. It is almost of a square form, each side about 4½ miles. It is bounded on the East and North-East, by the parish of Skene; on the South-East, by Peterculter and Drumoak; on the South by Banchory-Ternan; on the West and North-West by Midmar; and on the North, by Cluny.
Topographical Appearances – The Hill of Fare lies about one mile South-West from the church. The base of this mountain is nearly eighteen miles in circumference, and it height about 1794 feet above the level of the sea. Its surface is now divided among the proprietors whose estates surround it, and contains 7700 acres, 2 roods, 29 falls imperial measure; of which 1826 acres, 1 rood, 4 falls belong to this parish. Mr Forbes of Echt has a thriving plantation of young firs on its North-East corner, and has
Pg 736 formed another on its Northern side. All kind of game known in this country abound in the Hill of Fare. Several chalybeate springs are found there which have been reckoned beneficial in scrofulous, scorbutic, and gravellish complaints. In the North-West corner of the parish stands the Barmekin, a conical hill, now entirely planted with wood. Its height is scarcely two-thirds of that of the Hill of Fare. On its top is an ancient fortification, hereafter to be taken notice of. The soil of the best lands in this parish is mostly light loam, incumbent on a substratum of clay. Part is of a light sandy soil, and the low grounds for the most part mossy. The climate is mild, the harvests early, and the air salubrious. II – Civil History The chief historical event relating to this district is the battle of Corrichie, which was fought on the 28th October 1562, in a vale of the same name, by the forces commanded by the Marquis of Huntly an the Earl of Murray, the brother and general account_2of Mary Queen of Scots. This battle is taken notice by most of Scottish historians. It appears that the Marquis was offended at the Queen for bestowing the earldom of Murray on her brother the Earl of Mar, and for her intention of giving him a great part of those large and valuable northern estates which belonged to that earldom, several of which had been seized by the Marquis. His son, Sir John Gordon, had escaped from the prison to which the Queen had sentenced him for some feudal outrage; and had placed himself at the head of the vassals of his house, – soon after which the Marquis assumed arms in person, and advanced towards Aberdeen. Murray drew up his men on the Hill of Fare, and awaited the approach of Huntly with only a few troops from the midland counties on which he could depend, and some troops belonging to the northern Barons, whose intentions were doubtful. Huntly encountered first the northern troops, who fled towards Murray’s main body, pursued by the Gordons, sword in hand. The Gordons were repulsed by Murray’s firm battalion, and his victory was completed by the clans that had fled, who turned upon the Gordons as soon as they began to lose the day. Huntly, a bulky man, and heavily armed, fell from his horse, and was trodden to death. Other accounts say that he fled nearly a mile, and there is a spot in the South-West corner of this parish, on the borders of the estate of Cullerley, yet denominated “Gordon’s Moss” – where it is thought he was killed. Sir Walter Scott affirms
[ Gordon’s How(e) is marked on the Ordnance Survey maps, however as yet to find Gordon’s moss https://maps.nls.uk/geo/explore/#zoom=17&lat=57.12149&lon=-2.44702&layers=5&b=1 ]
Pg 737 that his body was afterwards brought into a court of justice, meanly arrayed in a doublet of coarse canvas, that the sentence of a traitor might be pronounced over it. The Queen, who was at Aberdeen during the battle, three days after beheld Sir John Gordon beheaded there. Murray was put in possession of the estates belonging to his new earldom. An excavation on the side of a rock, where it is said Mary sat soon after, viewed the scene of action on her way South, still retains the name of the Queen’s chair.
Chief Land-owners – James Forbes Esq. Of Echt is the principal and only residing heritor; William Innes, Esq. Of Raemoir has the lands of Cullerley; the Trustees of the Late John Harvey, Esq. Of Kinnettles, those of Braigiewell and South Meanecht, and the Earl of Fife, as heir to the late George Skene, Esq. of Skene, the lands of Mill of Air. The valued rent is as follows: Echt, Tillyshoggle and Easter Echt, belonging to James Forbes, Esq. L. 1808, 8s. 8d.; Cullerley L.432, 19s. 1d.; Mill of Air, L. 47, 13s. 6d.; Total 2364 15s.
Parochial Registers – The oldest begins in 1642, and they appear to have been regularly kept. They amount altogether to fourteen volumes.
Antiquities – On the Barmekin hill already mentioned, there is an ancient fortification, which is generally denominated a Danish camp. No record or tradition, however, confirms this supposition. The entrenchments which enclose the summit of the hill are five in number, in a perfect state of preservation as far as regards the lines of fortification, though more or less crumbled into ruins. There is no appearance of cement having been used in constructing these ramparts, which in several places, are still so entire as to exhibit a regular structure of masonry done with skill, particularly at the gateways, of which there appear to have been three on the South side, and two on the North, all in an oblique direction. The walls measure about five feet in thickness, the height appears to have been considerable, but cannot now be exactly known. The three outer ditches are nine feet in breadth. The inner rampart exhibits great care and strength in its structure, being at least 12 feet thick at the base, of which several feet in height still remain entire. The interior inclosure, which has been reduced to an uniform level, and nearly circular, is 300 feet in diameter, and contains about one acre of ground. On the
Pg 738 skirts of the hill, there are three cairns, two on the South and one on the North. The largest and most entire on the South side, now nearly covered with wood, was probably connected with the fortress above, as an entrenchment or out-post; and afterwards selected as the sepulchre of those chiefs who may have fallen in battle. The circular entrenchment formed by the earth dug out of the ditch is 60 feet in diameter, surrounded by six great stones, the remains most likely of an entire circle. In the centre is a cairn of loose stones supporting five large one, which have all the appearance of sepulchral monuments. Besides these, there are three other cairns, and several tumuli in different parts of the parish, and the remains of three Druidical temples. On the farm of Tilliorn, in the land of Cullerley, there is a large Pictish work in the form of a horseshoe, hollowed out; but it is uncertain whether it had been a fort, or a tank or cistern for holding water. It goes by the name of “Fusee.” An ancient spear was lately dug up on the estate of Echt. It is now in the custody of Mr. Forbes of Echt. It appears to be made of bell metal, is 2 feet 3 inches in length, at the broadest part of the blade 1 ¾ inch in breadth, and weighs 4 lbs 2 ½ oz. Avoirdupois.
Modern Buildings - A spacious, elegant, and most commodious mansion-house was built by the late William Forbes, Esq. Of Echt in 1820, and finished by his son, the present proprietor. It stands near the site of the former mansion, in a park containing 80acres. The grounds are laid out with superior taste, and as soon as the young trees have attained to a proper size, the effect will be delightful. To promote this, and to obtain early shelter for the house, Mr Forbes has transplanted 145 large trees, on the plan of Sir Henry Steuart of Allanton, Bart. These trees consist of oak, ash, beech, elm, geen, plum, lime, thorn, and maple, of which only four or five have died. The sizes of the trees run from 15 to 45 feet in height.
III – Population
The population of this parish in 1755 was 1277
The cause of the decrease was the uniting of a great number of small farms or crofts into farms of larger dimensions; and the singular fact of the population in 1821 and 1831 being the same, principally arose from the peopling of a small property, formerly
Pg 739 wholly in grass, by dividing it into three separate farms and a croft for agriculture, and by a similar decrease of the inhabitants of a neighbouring estate. None of the population reside in towns or villages.
The yearly average of births for the last seven years is 25
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . of marriages . . . . . . . . ". . . " . . . . . 9½
No register of deaths is kept.The average number of persons under 15 years of age is 359
..................... betwixt 15 and 30, 283
..................... betwixt 30 and 50, 198
..................... betwixt 50 and 70, 140
..................... upwards of 70, ....... 50
. . . . . . . . . . . . ......... . . . . . . . . . ----
. . . . . . . . . . . . ..... . . . . . Total, 1030
Unmarried men (bachelors and widowers) above 50 20
Unmarried women above 45. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
The average number of children in each family . . . . . 5
Three of the proprietors of land have upwards of L. 50 of yearly rent.
IV – Industry.
The number of arable acres in the parish, imperial measure, is about 6806. The number of acres that have never been cultivated, about 7370. No land is in a state of undivided common. There were 144 acres under wood on the estate of Echt in the end of the last century. Since the beginning of this century, the late and present proprietor have planted from 1500 to 2000 acres, consisting of the following kinds of trees, viz. Scotch fir, larch, spruce, oak, ash, elm, beech, alder, birch, plane, lime, maple, horse chestnut and Spanish chestnut. A number of farms were under leases of long duration, including rental of which, the average rent of arable land per Scots acre would not exceed 15s. These leases have now worn out, and the average modern rent per acre may be about L, 1, 15s.
The common breeds of cattle are the Aberdeenshire and the short-horned or Teeswater. Few sheep are kept. The prevailing kinds are the Cheviot and black faced.
No parish in the county has undergone greater improvements in reclaiming waste land, inclosing, draining, roads and farm-buildings. The The estate of Echt contains 11,000 imperial acres, including 1441 acres, 1 rood, 14 falls on the Hill of Fare. Of this quantity 5585 imperial acres are arable; and of these fully one-third, or 1861 acres, have been reclaimed from waste land chiefly at the expense of the proprietor. And the last and present proprietor have built 157108 ells [147.89km] of stone-dikes at an
Pg 740 average expense of 10d per ell, and have sunk upwards of 40,000 ells [37.65km] of drains.
[A Scots ell can vary between 37 and … 42 inches near Lochmaben, Dumfriesshire. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scottish_units. Taken to be 37 Scots inches 1.0016*25.4 = 941.3mm]
The estate of Cullerley contains 2886 imperial acres, whereof 1001 are arable, 89 meadow or haugh ground, 296 moss, and 1500 uncultivated, including its proportion of the Hill of Fare. Improvement is going on there also with considerable spirit. The duration of the leases in this parish is generally nineteen years; but many of the old leases were double that extent. Most of the farms are substantially inclosed, and almost every farm-house is substantial and convenient. The style of farming has been improved exceedingly within the last forty years. The seven years shift is chiefly practised. Turnips and sown grasses are raised in abundance. Lime is much used, and the use of bone manure begins to be adopted at the rate of twenty-five bushels to the acre, and it succeeds well. Some farms are in a high state of improvement, particularly the farm of Wester Culfosie, lately in the possession of the proprietor of Echt. There are thirty-five mills in the parish for thrashing grain.
Produce – This parish produces, as nearly as can be ascertained,
4296 quarters oats, valued at L. 1, 1s. . . . . . . . . . L. 4482 9 0
505 quarters bear, do, l. 1, 7s. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 681 15 0
789 bolls potatoes, do, 10s. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 394 10 0
430 acres turnips, do, L. 5, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2150 0 0
26,150 stones hay, do 6d. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 653 15 0
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -------------------
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Amount L. 8362 9 0
There is a very large and productive garden at Echt House, containing within the walls 2 acres, 1 rood, 4 falls Scots, and nearly 2 acres more without, cultivated as garden ground.
Manufacture – The only manufacture carried on in the parish consists in knitting stockings and mitts for one of the principal manufacturers in Aberdeen.
V – The Parochial Economy
Market Town – The nearest market town is Aberdeen, to which much of the produce of the parish is carried weekly.
Means of Communication – A penny-post office was established here about three years ago. There are nine miles and a quarter of turnpike roads on three different roads, and three tool bars. The Lord Forbes coach from Aberdeen to Alford, etc. runs two miles within this parish. A public vehicle on the middle road, which goes from Aberdeen to Tarland, and another on the Raemoir and Cullerley road from Aberdeen to Kincardine O’Neil,
Pg 741 Aboyne, etc. would add much to the accommodation of travellers. On the roads here, there are nine small bridges in good repair.
Ecclesiastical State – The parish church is nearly centrical, and is convenient for the greater part of the population. It was built in 1804, is in good repair, and very commodious. When full it will hold 600 people; and from 450 to 500 usually attend. The inhabitants are all of the Established Church, (excepting ten or twelve individuals), and are regular and decent in their attendances on Divine ordinances, and generous and kind to the poor. The average number of communicants is about 500. No Dissenting or Seceding chapels in the parish. One of the farmers acts as an Anabaptist clergyman to a very few members of that persuasion.
The manse was built in 1805, substantially finished, and suitable for the incumbent. The living consists of L. 117, 0s. 4 ½d. In money, (including the allowance for communion elements;) 88 bolls 1 firlot oatmeal, at 140 imperial pounds to the boll; 4 bolls, 2 firlots, 2 2/5 pecks bear, Aberdeenshire measure; and 1 firlot 2 2/5 pecks malt. The teinds are valued and exhausted. The glebe measures little more than 4½ acres, is not all of good quality, and could barely rent at L. 10 per annum. There is no grass glebe, nor any allowance for it. The Earl of Fife is patron. The present incumbent was translated from South Ronaldsay, in Orkney, and settled here in March 1815.
[ oatmeal 5609kg (140lbs = 112 + 28 = 1.25cwt)
bear / bere / barley 296kg
malt 25.42kg barley and malt for brewing beer? ]
Education – There is one parochial school, and two private schools. One of the latter is supported by a yearly salary of ??, paid by the proprietor of Cullerley, and by school-fees alone. Placed at the northern extremity of the district, the scholars are chiefly derived from the East end of Cluny, and the West end of Skene. The salary of the parochial teacher is L. 29 and nearly ?? arising from mortified money. The school-fees may amount to ?? annis, to L. 18 or L. 20. He has a house and a garden of the legal size. He receives a proportion of Mr Dick’s legacy.
[The school at Northern extremity was at Hillside https://what3words.com/clogging.cuter.flip. The fireplace of the school still exists, at the foregoing location, in what are now farm-buildings. The scholars are more likely to have come from the East end of Midmar than the West end of Skene.]
Poor and Parochial Funds – The funds destined for the support of the poor arise from the interest of the following sums, viz. L. 300 accumulated from the savings of former years, except two small legacies amounting to nearly to L. 60; including L. 100 bequeathed to the session by the late William Forbes, Esq of Echt, to which the poor on the estate of Echt have a preferable claim, if preferred quarterly by the proprietor; from an annuity of ten merks Scots left by the late Mr Duff of Premnay, to which the poor in
Pg 742 Cullerley have a right; from the weekly collections, mortcloth dues, fines etc., amounting to L. 30 and upwards annually; and from the share which falls to the parish of the Synod Fund, circulated by the Trustees of the late John Burnett, Esq. Of Den, of which this parish has received two payments of L. 20 each, at an interval of sixteen years, and L. 35 in the year 1839. Twenty-six persons at an average, receive permanent parochial aid at the rate of 7s. to 10s. Quarterly, according to their necessities. Several persons receive occasional assistance, including repairs to dwelling houses; and the session are often called upon to bear the funeral charges of the poor. None of our regular poor travel from door to door begging bread. All who are able support themselves in part by working. They are not disposed to claim parochial relief, unless when they need it, nor backward to receive it when compelled by necessity. The kirk-session have the management of the interest of L> 40 bequeathed by a Mr Thomson of Banchory to poor persons of the name of Reith or Mennie, or to relations of the testator. The late Mr Alexander Fowler, a merchant in this parish, bequeathed L. 200 to the poor. He died in 1837.
Fairs – Two old established markets are held on the estate of Echt – the one in June, the other in August, for cattle, sheep, horses etc.; and seven trysts for the same purpose, and for selling and buying grain. Two of them are held, one at Whitsun-day, the other at Martin-mas, for engaging servants.
[Market Muir https://what3words.com/slim.strongman.lobby is shown on 1843 OS Six inch on the the 1892 1905 25 inch the wood to the North and East is shown as Marketmuir Wood with the market area shown as open land. ]
Inns and Alehouses Etc. – There are five inns or houses of entertainment in the parish, all on the turnpike roads. The morals of the people do not seem to be, in any great degree, deteriorated by them.
Fuel – Peat fuel has hitherto been chiefly used; but the mosses, especially on the estate of Echt, are beginning to be exhausted, and English coals are getting into use, – the average price of which is about 5s. Per boll. Wood is scarce, but will be plentiful in thirty or forty years. Besides the plantations already mentioned, there are about 100 acres of wood on the property of Braigiewell and South Meanecht.
July 1842 ...
It is noted that there is no mention of the parish Free Church https://what3words.com/asterisk.compliant.foresight and Manse https://what3words.com/eased.comment.motoring in the above account although shown on the 1843-1882 Six Inch OS map.
From 1843 onwards there are Ordnance Survey maps https://maps.nls.uk/geo/explore/#zoom=15&lat=57.12380&lon=-2.38850&layers=5&b=1 On this map the acreage of Echt is shown as 12003.665 the road to Echt from Aberdeen via Fiddie, Carnie, Garlogie and West to Midmar much as it exists today.
The old roads South via Bridge of Dye and Cairn O’Mount and the Fordoun route shown as Cryne Corse Road can be seen.
The rifle range is shown https://what3words.com/same.meanders.economies to targets at https://what3words.com/renewals.lawns.stage this is over 500m which must have required very good marksmanship with the rifles and ammunition of the mid 1800’s. It is presumed the rifles used were stored in the Armoury, marked on the OS 1842 Six Inch map.
There were two police stations in the parish in 1843-1882 one in Echt and one in Waterton /Bridge-end. On the OS 25 inch 1855 -1882 there is no police station shown in Waterton /Bridge-end just one in Echt.
Ordnance Survey 25 inch 1855 -1882 Maps
The following maps have pink and blue colour on them, unfortunately there are not geo-referenced so each map requires to be individually selected. Fortunately only the last two digits vary so it is easy to vary the map selected in a web browser.
Echt Parish ... Echt
https://maps.nls.uk/view/74479869 Broomhill (near Craigenlow)
https://maps.nls.uk/view/74479870 Waterton .. before "Dunecht"
https://maps.nls.uk/view/74479871 Broomhill Hillside
https://maps.nls.uk/view/74479872 Wester Echt, Dunecht House
https://maps.nls.uk/view/74479874 Tillyboy, Sauchenbush
https://maps.nls.uk/view/74479875 Upper Mains, Monecht
https://maps.nls.uk/view/74479876 Burnside, Nashick
https://maps.nls.uk/view/74479877 Tillioch, Barnyards, Old Echt
https://maps.nls.uk/view/74479878 Echt, Landerberry, Cowiehillock
https://maps.nls.uk/view/74479881 South & West of Greymore
https://maps.nls.uk/view/74479882 South of Rifle Range, Gordon's Howe
https://maps.nls.uk/view/74479883 Hillbrae Dam, Newfield Tillyshogle
https://maps.nls.uk/view/74479885 Meikle Tap, Howburn
https://maps.nls.uk/view/74479886 Birks, Tillyorn
https://maps.nls.uk/view/74479887 Milltown, West of Cullerlie
https://maps.nls.uk/view/74479888 Hopton, Easterhill
https://maps.nls.uk/view/74480632 Garlogie - Spinning Mill
https://maps.nls.uk/view/74479686 Corskie, Bogintory
Katie Johnson b.1806 – d.1900 Katie used to walk to Aberdeen once a week.
Reminiscences Of An Echt Nonagenarian
by J.A.C. Coutts
Printed At The Aberdeen Journal Office
Random Rhymes Frae Hill O' Fare
P Scrogie Ltd Observer Works Peterhead
Random Rhymes Frae Hill o' Fare a collection of poems, one example is :-
ECHT VILLAGE Page 87
At the fit of yon hill stan's a canty wee clachan,
It's kent far an' near as the village o' Echt; ,
To speak o' a Provost micht set folk a-lauchan',
An' yet by gweed counsel they keep a.'thing richt.
Four square tae the cross stan's an up-to-date Hotel ,
They say that its liquor's the elixir o' life;
There's whiskies an' brandies an' a' kin's o' strong ale
Obligingly served by mine host "Major Smythe."
There's Sandison's shop number 6 o' the High Street
Sells groceries an ' bread tae the pub. wi' gweed will
The best o' confections an' a' ither sweet meat
Just for a few coppers consigned tae his till.
M`Kenzie's the man that can fit ye wi' leather,
What ye understan' we politely ca' boots;
An' then for gweed tweeds tae defy the caul weather
Hunter the tailor mak's gentlemen's suits.
There's motors an' cycles o' every description
Being sell't an' repaired by "Jamie Goodall"
He kens they are gweed an' invites your inspection,
When ye want a gweed cycle then gie him a call.
At the niest place o' business ye'll fin' watchie Riddle,
His watches an' clocks keep correct time o' day ;
He'll sell ye a pipe or a string tae yer fiddle,
Then gie him a ca' when ye come roun' this way.
The Post Office stan's awa' doon in Commerce Street,
Whar' Mag' superintends when her father's awa';
For prices o' coal there's an agent weel vers't wi't,
His office fae here's jist a stane throw or twa.
The Kirk o' the Clachan ye'll ken't by the steeple,
The reverent A. Souter is minister here ;
For readin' a sermon an' prayin' for the people,
His salary's some less than a thousan' a year.
The Police, the Banker, likewise the schoolmaster
Are worthies the lieges could ill want ava ;
For minus o' either micht weel spell disaster
For learnin', for credit, an' peace o' the law.
Some of “A Scots Quair / Sunset Song” was reputedly written by Lewis Grassic Gibbon / James Leslie Mitchell on top of the Barmekin as part of his visits to the Echt schoolmaster Gray. LGG/JLM’s schoolmaster in Arbuthnott was Gray also. Possibly why Sandyhillock is the farm that the Guthrie’s left to travel South in the text.
During World War II the army fired artillery guns from Upper Mains https://what3words.com/nooks.romance.cherubs over to the Hill O’Fare, where is not known but probably in the general direction of https://what3words.com/gloves.skimmers.downturn about 2km/1.2miles, the distance may have been further.
Echt, Skene & Midmar Agricultural Association have been organising the Echt Show since 1853 and it is held on the 2nd Saturday of July. If not for Covid-19 the 167th Echt Show would have been held on 10th July, 2021. https://echtshow.co.uk/about-us/
Echt Amateur Football Club
The club pavilion is located at https://what3words.com/builder.fool.reception, in the past Echt AFC have won the league and most available cups such as the Aberdeen Football Club Trophy. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aberdeenshire_Amateur_Football_Association
Local personnel acting in pantomimes in Echt Hall where door receipts and raffle ticket sales are for local charities. Search Facebook or similar for further details.
Farm & House Locations
The following provides the locations of farms and houses in the parish, for the villages the list is not exhaustive.
The occupant names and variant spellings are from 1853 come from Cornwall’s Aberdeen Directory. Occupation - Farmer unless otherwise noted.
OSN = https://scotlandsplaces.gov.uk/digital-volumes/ordnance-survey-name-books/aberdeenshire-os-name-books-1865-1871/aberdeenshire-volume-28?display=transcription
OSN = ECHT [parish] The parish of Echt is in the Presbytery of Kincardine O'Neil, and Synod of Aberdeen; it contains about 12004 Statute acres and is bounded on the north and north west by the parish of Midmar; on the south and south west by the parish of Banchory Ternan; on the south by the parish of Drumoak; and on the east by the parishes of Peterculter, Skene and Cluny. The soil of the best lands in this parish is mostly a light loam, incumbent on a substratum of clay. Part is of a light sandy soil, and the low grounds for the most part mossy. The climate is mild, the harvests early, and the air salubrious. There are no detached portions of Echt parish, nor are there any detached portions of another parish situated within it.
[Page] 1 Parish of Echt -- County of Aberdeen The battle of Corrichie; stated in the New Statistical Account to have been fought in this district is not correct. The examiner states that it was fought in Banchory Ternan parish.
OSN = ECHT [village] Kirktown A small village situated on the Aberdeen and Tarland turnpike road. It comprises the ph. [parish] Church, two Schools, Post Office, a branch of the Aberdeen Town and County banking Company. public house, police Station, and a few dwellinghouses. The houses are partly one and partly two storeys, mostly slated and in good repair. It is thirteen miles from Aberdeen
AB32 6HH 1 Forbes Way https://map.what3words.com/lectures.sweeten.mural
AB32 6HH 5 Forbes Way https://map.what3words.com/publish.reissued.oblige
AB32 6HJ 1 Forbes Close https://map.what3words.com/figs.turned.rigs
AB32 6HJ 19 Forbes Close https://map.what3words.com/lunch.eggplants.tour
AB32 6HN 1 Forbes Park https://map.what3words.com/safari.handsets.column
AB32 6HN 15 Forbes Park https://map.what3words.com/culminate.champions.chains
AB32 6HP 3 Main Road East https://map.what3words.com/elbow.banquets.bashful
AB32 6HP 37 Main Road East https://map.what3words.com/skip.pure.doses
AB32 6SA Ayr Lea, Garlogie https://map.what3words.com/magical.limped.neatly
AB32 6SA Mill of Air, Garlogie https://map.what3words.com/quietly.those.ignore
1853 Charles Gillanders
OSN = MILL OF AIR Mill of Ayr Five Small Croft houses each one Storey high thatched and in tolerable repair the property of the Earl of Fife.
AB32 6UL Auchendryne https://map.what3words.com/geese.sway.eating
AB32 6UL Bank House https://map.what3words.com/tradition.incline.browser
OSN = ABERDEEN TOWN AND COUNTY BANK [Echt] A branch of the Aberdeen Town and County Banking Company, kept by Mr James Coutts.
AB32 6UL Birchlea https://map.what3words.com/reclining.fleet.grab
AB32 6UL Clachnaben https://map.what3words.com/countries.abacus.traded
AB32 6UL Craigendarroch https://map.what3words.com/skill.sprouted.sunblock
AB32 6UL Craigendlui https://map.what3words.com/dairies.harmonica.villas
AB32 6UL Craiglarroch https://map.what3words.com/indeed.notched.houseboat
AB32 6UL Echt School https://map.what3words.com/libraries.bypassed.universally
AB32 6UL Echt Tandoori https://map.what3words.com/wells.dusty.stated
1853 John Thomson innkeeper of North Kirkton
Balcarres Arms 1930’s?
Cowdray Arms 1950 – 2010 ?
AB32 6UL Eden https://map.what3words.com/tennis.gown.violinist
AB32 6UL Eilanreach https://map.what3words.com/swift.ambushed.swooned
AB32 6UL Fare Lea https://map.what3words.com/curly.jets.skip
AB32 6UL Gairnshiel https://map.what3words.com/fewer.sketches.someone
AB32 6UL Kirkton House https://map.what3words.com/intention.increases.charts
AB32 6UL Kirkton Station House https://map.what3words.com/grips.dives.long
OSN = POLICE STATION [Echt] A dwelling house and Lock-up situated in the west end of the Village; the former slated, and the latter thatched, both one storey, and in excellent repair.
AB32 6UL Kirkton Villa https://map.what3words.com/koala.songs.manly
AB32 6UL Nethermains Court https://map.what3words.com/reference.website.asleep
AB32 6UL Nethermains https://map.what3words.com/wades.behind.joked
1853 Robert Christie
AB32 6UL Old Schoolhouse https://map.what3words.com/twigs.spectacle.raking
1853 William Malcolm - Schoolhouse
AB32 6UL Orchard Grove https://map.what3words.com/valve.reapply.hazy
AB32 6UL Post Office Flat https://map.what3words.com/brightens.treatment.daylight
AB32 6UL Post Office https://map.what3words.com/mime.bookshop.inflating
AB32 6UL Schoolhouse https://map.what3words.com/cloud.clinking.continued
AB32 6UL Struan https://map.what3words.com/habit.paid.resembles
AB32 6UL The Neuk https://map.what3words.com/kindness.ideals.petal
AB32 6UL The Old Bakery https://map.what3words.com/sprayer.veered.dangerously
AB32 6UN 1 Myriewell Cottages https://map.what3words.com/firming.shepherdess.pitchers
AB32 6UN 2 Myriewell Cottages https://map.what3words.com/pancakes.newspaper.roofer
AB32 6UN 3 Myriewell Cottages https://map.what3words.com/pampering.allows.basically
AB32 6UN 4 Myriewell Cottages https://map.what3words.com/strictest.civil.promoted
AB32 6UN 1-3 Kirk Cottages https://map.what3words.com/whistling.craft.repair
OSN = FREE CHURCH [E of Echt] A substantial building, situated about half a mile east of the Village. It is seated to accommodate about 400 persons.
AB32 6UN Cairntoul, Monecht Cottages
AB32 6UN Gartmore, Monecht Cottages
AB32 6UN Glengyle, 4 Monecht Cottages
AB32 6UN Glenisla, Monecht Cottages
AB32 6UN Inchture, Monecht Cottages
OSN = NORTH MEANECHT Farm of North Meanecht A farmsteading, dwellinghouse and offices one storey, the former slated, and the latter, along with a cot house thatched, all in middling repair Property of Lord Lindsay
OSN = NORTH MONECHT  For 1" purposes only. see Remarks in Index. 1895.
AB32 6UN Meanecht Cottage https://map.what3words.com/aced.diamond.holly
AB32 6UN Monecht House https://map.what3words.com/massive.ready.reprints
OSN = MANSE [F.C., Echt] A commodious dwelling house, two storeys, slated, with suitable offices, garden &c attached. occupied by the Rev. [Reverend] Donald McKay.
[Page] 23 County of Aberdeen -- Parish of Echt [Note relating to 'Manse'] - As the Manse is so contiguous to the church it is considered superfluous to prefix Free Church to Manse.
1853 Rev Donald MacKay – Free Manse
AB32 6UN Monecht https://map.what3words.com/cool.wove.pyramid
OSN = MEANECHT Meanecht East A large farmsteading, Dwelling house and offices, one storey, slated, and in good repair Property of Lord Lindsay, Dunecht house, By Aberdeen
OSN = MONECHT  For 1" purposes only see Remarks in Index 1895.
AB32 6UN Myriewell https://map.what3words.com/absorb.batches.bench
OSN = MYRIEWELLS A farmsteading, dwellinghouse one storey slated, offices one storey thatched and in good repair Property of Lord Lindsay
AB32 6UN North Kirkton Cottage https://map.what3words.com/brisk.crystal.elastic
AB32 6UN North Mains Cottage https://map.what3words.com/explored.throat.encroach
AB32 6UN South Monecht Cottage https://map.what3words.com/mock.safety.dolls
AB32 6UN South Monecht Croft House https://map.what3words.com/something.boots.type
AB32 6UN South Monecht https://map.what3words.com/conducted.aunts.soils
OSN = SOUTH MONECHT  For 1" purposes only. See Remark in Index 1895.
OSN = SOUTH MEANECHT A farmsteading, dwelling-house, and offices, one storey, slated, and in good repair; the property of Lord Lindsay.
1853 Alexander Low
1853 Alexander McBely
AB32 6UP Burnside Cottage https://map.what3words.com/artist.dugouts.threaten
AB32 6UP Burnside https://map.what3words.com/fantastic.landmark.awakening
OSN = BURNSIDE A good Farm Steading dwelling house and Out offices partly Slated and partly thatched one Storey high in very good repair the property of Lord Lindsay
1853 Robert Nicol
AB32 6UP Easter Echt https://map.what3words.com/pokes.topics.strength
1853 John Mollison
AB32 6UP Nashick https://map.what3words.com/blush.scanning.seeing
OSN = NASHICK A Small Farm Steading dwelling house and out offices all one Storey high thatched and in tolerable repair the property of Lord Lindsay.
1853 Alexander Laro
AB32 6UQ Easter Echt Croft https://map.what3words.com/including.smelter.dream
OSN = EASTER ECHT A Farm Steading dwelling house and out offices all one Storey high partly Slated and partly thatched the property of Lord Lindsay Several Crofter houses are scattered over this Farm.
AB32 6UQ Little Easter Echt https://map.what3words.com/pronouns.signal.forehand
OSN = LITTLE EASTER ECHT A Small Farm Steading dwelling house and out houses all thatched one Storey high in tolerable repair the property of Lord Lindsay.
1853 George Lawrie
AB32 6UQ Scotstown https://map.what3words.com/plank.webcams.teacher
OSN = SCOTSTOWN Scotston A large Farm Steading dwelling house and out offices Slated one Storey high in very good repair the property of Lord Lindsay.
1853 Charles Bruce
AB32 6UR Garrack Cottage https://map.what3words.com/chatters.sand.paves
OSN = GARRACK COTTAGE A Small croft house one Storey high thatched in very good repair the property of Lord Lindsay
AB32 6UR Garrack https://map.what3words.com/opts.shine.alright
OSN = GARRACK Gariock or Garwack? This name applies to two Farm Steadings adjacent to one another one of which is used as a Public house, both consists of dwelling houses & out offices, all thatched one Storey high and in good repair the property of Lord Lindsay and Mr. Alexander Milne Pittrichie House GARRICK 
1853 Peter Cobbin
1853 Peter Sorrie, Inn of Garrioch (Garrack)
AB32 6UR Newton of Garrack https://map.what3words.com/organ.argued.gala
OSN = NEWTON OF GARRACK Two Small thatched dwellings on the road Side, once a Farm Steading, the property of Lord Lindsay
AB32 6US 1-3 Finnercy Park https://map.what3words.com/fracture.newlyweds.stealing
AB32 6US Braigiewell Cottage https://map.what3words.com/system.shuttered.sprinting
AB32 6US Braigiewell https://map.what3words.com/comply.grants.ramp
OSN = BRAIGIEWELL Braggiewell A Farm Steading dwelling house and out offices one Storey thatched and in tolerable repair the property of Mr Alexander Milne Pittrichiehouse, adjacent to and north of the Steading is a Small thatched Cottage with two outhouses Slated occupied by a gamekeeper known by the Same name viz Braigiewell the property of Lord Lindsay,
1853 George Barron
AB32 6US East Finnercy Cottage https://map.what3words.com/sharpen.nylon.nanny
AB32 6US East Finnercy https://map.what3words.com/mulled.classmate.cheesy
OSN = EAST FINARCY East Findracy Two Farm Steadings dwelling houses and out offices close to one another all one Storey high partly Slated and partly thatched the property of Lord Lindsay
AB32 6US Hill of Braigie https://map.what3words.com/mountain.carrots.thudding
OSN = HILL OF BRAIGIE A farmsteading, dwelling house and offices, one storey high, slated, and in good repair; the property of Alexander Milne Esqr. Pitrichie, Whiterashes. Note - In order to conform to the usage of the Division, I endeavoured to have this place called "Braigiehill"; but could not find authorities. by adopting Dvn [Division] Usage this name would still be well known as Braigiehill. [Initialled] J.L.
1853 John Jamieson, Moss-side https://what3words.com/stream.dares.squeaking
AB32 6US Northtown https://map.what3words.com/simmer.sofa.spray
OSN = NORTHTON Northtown A farmsteading, dwellinghouse, and offices, one storey high, partly slated, and partly thatched; the property of Major Innes of Learney by Torfins.
AB32 6US The Old Mill https://map.what3words.com/pencils.hazel.shears
AB32 6US Transco, North Finnercy https://map.what3words.com/tester.nooks.plodding
NORTH FINARCY A Farm Steading dwelling house and outoffices one Storey partly Slated & partly thatched in good repair the property of Lord Lindsay
NORTH FINNARCY  [Page] 31 Parish of Echt [Note relating to 'North Finarcy'] - Finnarcy Val [Valuation] Roll - old spellings sometimes one sometimes 2 n's. [Initialled] JMcD
1853 James Craigmyle
AB32 6UT 5 Redhill Croft, Garlogie https://map.what3words.com/foot.added.pickup
AB32 6UT Carnielea, Garlogie https://map.what3words.com/offstage.sifts.pocketed
AB32 6UT Drymen, Garlogie https://map.what3words.com/stooping.skirt.stance
AB32 6UT Forbridge, Garlogie https://map.what3words.com/ruffling.opens.plants
AB32 6UT Strathyre, Garlogie https://map.what3words.com/reliving.dolly.jolly
AB32 6UT The Tollhouse, Garlogie https://map.what3words.com/lights.score.firebird
AB32 6UT Toll Cottage, Garlogie https://map.what3words.com/finds.canyons.costly
OSN = CULLERLIE T.P. This is a Tollhouse on the trust Road from Garlogie to Aboyne one Storey high Slated and in bad repair the property of the road trustees. Full rates are charged "Cullerlie" adopted in deference to Major Innes. proprietor of the Estate
AB32 6UT Woodend Cottages, Garlogie https://map.what3words.com/haggle.toward.flick
AB32 6UX 7 Redhill Croft, Garlogie https://map.what3words.com/jots.worm.dripped
AB32 6UX 8 Redhill Croft, Garlogie https://map.what3words.com/donates.beard.circulate
OSN = REDHILL A Small nearly flat district on the estate of Cullerlie extending West from the Leuchar Burn. Till of late, with the exception of the farm of Brewthin it was all a Moor. it is now nearly all laid out into Crofts which are in Course of reclamation the property of Major Innis Torphins, this district
[Entry relating to 'Redhill'] - Cancelled by final examiner. [Initialled] J.L.
AB32 6UX Brewthin, Garlogie https://map.what3words.com/braced.suiting.warbler
OSN = BREWTHIN A Farm Steading dwelling house and Wrights Shop with outoffices all one Storey high thatched and in tolerable repair the property of Major Innis Torphins, this is one of the houses on the district of Redhill that has a distinctive name
AB32 6UX Dalbarrach, Garlogie https://map.what3words.com/poetry.outlines.bulk
AB32 6UX September Cottage, Garlogie https://map.what3words.com/ripe.novelists.streak
AB32 6UX Standingstones, Garlogie https://map.what3words.com/trade.shifts.them
OSN = STANDINGSTONES Redhill Standingstones A Small Farm Steading dwelling house and out offices one Storey high partly slated and partly thatched the property of Major Innis It takes its name from the Druidical Temple adjacent this is one of the houses on the district of Redhill that has a distinctive Name
AB32 6XA Barnton, Skene https://map.what3words.com/investors.than.craftsman
OSN = BARNTON Burnton A farmsteading, dwelling house, and offices, one storey high, partly slated, and partly thatched; the whole in good repair; the property of Major Innes.
1853 James Ramsay - Bainton
AB32 6XA Braeriach, Skene https://map.what3words.com/ringside.laces.count
AB32 6XA Cornhill Cottage, Skene https://map.what3words.com/august.backswing.oaks
1853 James Adam
AB32 6XA Cornhill, Skene https://map.what3words.com/builder.flamenco.liability
OSN = CORNHILL Cairnhill A farmsteading, dwelling house, and offices, one storey high, partly slated, and partly thatched; the whole in good repair; the property of Major Innes.
AB32 6XA Dunrovin, Skene https://map.what3words.com/magnets.readers.enjoys
AB32 6XA Easterhill, Skene https://map.what3words.com/playful.commands.stability
OSN = EASTERHILL A Small croft house dwelling and outoffices one Storey high thatched and in bad repair the property of Major Innes Torphins
AB32 6XA Fair View, Skene https://map.what3words.com/tasteful.filer.tribal
AB32 6XA Hopton https://map.what3words.com/gazes.blessing.decimal
OSN = HOPETON A neat Farm Steading dwelling house and outoffices one Storey high partly Slated and partly thatched the property of Major Innes Torphins
1853 Alexander Donald - Hopeton
AB32 6XA North Eddieston https://map.what3words.com/perfectly.fallback.robe
AB32 6XA Strathburn https://map.what3words.com/escapades.stew.pebbles
AB32 6XB 1-2 Templefold Cottages https://map.what3words.com/claims.engineers.racing
AB32 6XB Fiveways https://map.what3words.com/brambles.fishery.beep
AB32 6XB Flora's Restaurant https://map.what3words.com/remarking.pays.starring
1853 J Anderson
AB32 6XB Templefold https://map.what3words.com/reminds.advancing.upwards
OSN = TEMPLEFOLD Midtown A farmsteading, dwelling house, one, offices, partly one, and partly two storeys, partly slated, and partly thatched, the whole in good repair; the property of Major Innes, and occupied by Mr. R. Barron. This steading is locally known by the name of "Mid-town", but Major Innes, in the letter already referred to, says:- "I have revived the old name, and call it Templefold" This name being suggestive of Antiquities every enquiry has been made but without effect There was a chapel at what was called Monks-Echt
AB32 6XB West Cullerlie Cottage https://map.what3words.com/offerings.skipped.infuses
AB32 6XB West Cullerlie https://map.what3words.com/mobile.moral.dolls
OSN = CULLERLIE Cullerley A farmsteading, dwelling house, and offices, one storey, partly slated, and partly thatched, the whole in good repair; the property of Major Innes, who in answer to a query put by Exr, [Examiner] says: " As there is now no East Cullerlie, it will be as well to omit the West, or Wester, and call it "Cullerlie". retaining the old termination" 4th Nov [November] 1864.
[Page] 49 County of Aberdeen -- Parish of Echt [Note relating to 'Cullerlie'] - It is stated in the New Statistical Account that in the lands of Cullerley there is a large Pictish work in the form of a horse shoe, hollowed out, but it is uncertain whether it had been a fort, or a tank, or cistern for holding water. The examiner states that the above is a myth at least there is no knowledge of its whereabouts. There is no such object name in the parish as Fusee.
AB32 6XB Westerton https://map.what3words.com/bravest.goods.reseller
OSN = WESTERTON Westertown A publichouse, grocershop, and farmsteading, dwelling house (which comprises the P.H., [Public House] & shop) and offices, one storey, slated, and in excellent repair; the property of Major Innes, aforesaid, and occupied by Mr. George Anderson.
AB32 6XD Mains of Landerberry https://map.what3words.com/cubic.shippers.skewed
SB Scotland Ltd
OSN = LANDERBERRY Five dwellinghouses, with their respective "crofts" lying between the statute Labor road at the Market Muir, and the farmsteading of Cowiehillock. Property of Lord Lindsay.
OSN = MARKET MUIR A portion of rough, moorish ground set apart for the Monthly Markets, which are held in the parish during the summer.
AB32 6XD Banks of Finnercy
OSN = BANK OF FINARCY Bank of Findracy A farmsteading Consisting of a dwelling house. Out Offices, Yards &c. the whole being One storey in height partly slated & partly thatched. all in good repair and owned by Lord Lindsay BANK OF FINNARCY 
1853 William Leith, Banks of Findrassie
Like Whitehills at one there were many weavers at Banks of Finnercy. The cottages were possibly between what3words.com/passages.dime.compacts and what3words.com/rival.crab.valued.
It is believed there was also a church at Banks of Finnerercy, part of which, a stone, was removed from site between 2000 and 2020. This area what3words.com/diver.putty.suddenly is thought to be a graveyard. It was reported that horses would not graze in this area.
AB32 6XD Cowiehillock (Farm) https://map.what3words.com/rises.lies.folks
COWIEHILLOCK A farmsteading, dwelling-house, slated, offices thatched. the whole, one storey high. and in good repair; the property of Lord Lindsay.
1853 George Morgan Cariehillock
AB32 6XD Cowiehillock Bothy https://map.what3words.com/boater.fewest.trickster
AB32 6XD Cowiehillock Cottage https://map.what3words.com/grub.sketches.owls
AB32 6XD Landerberry Cottage https://map.what3words.com/rises.likening.tech
AB32 6XD Little Finnercy https://map.what3words.com/trusts.motoring.sends
OSN = LITTLE FINARCY Little Findracy A farm steading, dwellinghouse, and offices, one storey, thatched, and in good repair; the property of Lord Lindsay, and occupied by Mr. William Ross. LITTLE FINNARCY 
1853 Alexander Leith Little Findrassie
1853 John Ross Little Finrassie
AB32 6XD Milton of Finnercy https://map.what3words.com/rejected.opposites.wires
OSN = MILLTOWN OF FINARCY Milltown of Findracy A hamlet consisting of a new farm steading consisting of dwelling house. Offices & Yards all slated & one storey in height, and several Croft houses. thatched. one storey & in bad repair. the whole owned by Lord Lindsay
1853 William Henry, Milltown of Findrassie
1853 Robert Philip, Milltown of Findrassie
AB32 6XD South Finnercy https://map.what3words.com/twinkling.manifests.respond
OSN = MILLCROFT Millcroft of Findracy A one storied neat & slated Cottage with garden attached.
On OS 1:25000. 1937- Still referred to as Millcroft
AB32 6XD Tillyshogle Barn https://what3words.com/dwarves.rank.assurance
AB32 6XD Tillyshogle Bothy https://what3words.com/redeeming.bring.belly
AB32 6XD Tillyshogle Farmhouse https://map.what3words.com/mash.toasters.trick
OSN = TILLISHOGLE Tillishogle Tillyshoggle A large farmsteading Dwelling house, and offices attached one storey partly slated, partly thatched, and in good repair property of Lord Lindsay,
1853 William Philip
AB32 6XD Tillyshogle Stables https://what3words.com/passes.daredevil.exact
AB32 6XD Tillyshogle Steading https://what3words.com/equivocal.courtyard.recruited
AB32 6XD Finnercy Cottage https://map.what3words.com/reception.bulbs.students
AB32 6XJ Hillbrae Cottage https://map.what3words.com/mountains.scoop.colder
AB32 6XJ Hillbrae https://what3words.com/crusted.private.paintings
HILLBRAE A farmsteading, dwellinghouse and offices one storey high, slated, and in good repair; the property of Lord Lindsay.
1853 James Gillespie
AB32 6XJ Newfield https://map.what3words.com/dozen.chosen.stirs
OSN = NEWFIELD A farmsteading consisting of Dwelling house Out Offices &c. the buildings are one storied, thatched & in good repair Owned by Lord Lindsay.
1853 William Leith
AB32 6XJ South Newfield https://map.what3words.com/bracelet.journey.bounding
Known locally as “Fishie’s Croft” by those born before 1945
AB32 6XJ Wellwood https://map.what3words.com/massaging.cubs.padlock
AB32 6XJ West Landerberry https://map.what3words.com/crows.sizing.cheered
AB32 6XJ Wester Tillyshogle Croft https://map.what3words.com/yard.amends.guesswork
OSN = SOUTH HILLBRAE A one storey Cottage thatched and in good repair property of Lord Lindsay
On OS 1:25000. 1937- Still referred to as South Hillbrae
AB32 6XJ Wester Tillyshogle https://map.what3words.com/hopping.aims.readjust
OSN = WESTER TILLISHOGLE Wester Tillyshogle Wester Tillyshoggle A farm steading Consisting of a dwelling house. Out Offices Yards &c. the whole one storey in height, partly slated and partly thatched all in good repair and owned by Lord Lindsay.
1853 George Webster – Wester Shogell
AB32 6XL Birchmoss https://map.what3words.com/bells.slopes.masses
AB32 6XL Ceve Freight, Birchmoss AB32 6XL Cosyneuk https://map.what3words.com/helping.charm.footballers
AB32 6XL Cullerlie Farm Park https://map.what3words.com/originate.overt.variation
AB32 6XL East Woodside https://map.what3words.com/monopoly.rebirth.munch
OSN = EAST WOODSIDE A farmsteading dwelling house and offices one storey thatched and in good repair property of Major Innes
1853 George Philip
AB32 6XL Fugro, Birchmoss
AB32 6XL McIntosh, Birchmoss
AB32 6XL Nether Woodside https://map.what3words.com/originate.overt.variation
AB32 6XL Proserv, Birchmoss https://map.what3words.com/tropic.untrained.deleting
AB32 6XL The Birks https://map.what3words.com/starfish.neon.trifling
OSN = BIRKS This name applies to a large new farmsteading, without a Dwellinghouse attached, As it is not known in the neighbourhood by the name of Birks, it is by the request of the proprietor, that it is so Called, no more authorities can be had at present but as time goes on the name will become known..
AB32 6XN Blackdams https://map.what3words.com/wisdom.hunk.audible
OSN = BLACKDAMS A farmsteading dwelling house and offices, one storey, thatched and in good repair, property of Major Innes
1853 John Duncan
AB32 6XN Milltown of Cullerlie https://map.what3words.com/basis.indoor.strikers
OSN = MILLTOWN Milton of Cullerley A Farm Steading dwelling house outoffices and corn Mill from one to two Storeys high partly Slated and partly thatched all in tolerable repair the Mill is worked by water power & is the property of Major Innes Milltown adopted in deference to the Owner.
1853 George & Robert Barron
AB32 6XN Old Mill https://map.what3words.com/type.avocado.stag
AB32 6XN Tillyorn https://map.what3words.com/positions.rewarding.than
OSN = TILLYORN A farm steading Consisting of dwelling house Out Offices &c. the building one storied thatched & in good repair And Owned by Major Innes.
1853 Joseph Fowler
AB32 6XP Carpenter's Croft, Cullerlie, https://map.what3words.com/enjoys.month.profited
AB32 6XP Clachmaran, Cullerlie, https://map.what3words.com/soaps.dollar.prompts
AB32 6XP Cullerlie Smithy, Cullerlie, https://map.what3words.com/galleries.blossom.proudest
1853 J Shepard, smith
AB32 6XP Old Schoolhouse, Cullerlie, https://map.what3words.com/bunny.disco.cobras
1853 J Brown
OSN = SCHOOL [nr Cullerlie] A commodious house, two storeys high & slated, erected & partly supported, by, Major Innes. The teacher's salary comes from three sources, namely, Major Innes, Government, and school-fees. The average attendance, male and female, is about 50.
AB32 6XP Schoolhill Cottage, Cullerlie, https://map.what3words.com/chained.drifters.gala
AB32 6XP Schoolhill House, Cullerlie, https://map.what3words.com/encroach.supposes.prospers
OSN = SCHOOLHILL A number of Small Cothouses with Some few Croft houses all one Storey high thatched in bad repair. those Close together are Occupied by the Poor of the Estate of Cullerlie. the property of Major Innes. Torpins
AB32 7AA 1 Fairview https://map.what3words.com/confining.renew.rarely
AB32 7AA 6 Fairview https://map.what3words.com/fortunate.cities.users
AB32 7AB 1 Kirkton Cottages https://map.what3words.com/armrests.peachy.clipped
AB32 7AB 2 Kirkton Cottages https://map.what3words.com/roadways.fired.inclines
AB32 7AB 3 Kirkton Cottages https://map.what3words.com/tortoises.playback.arrow
AB32 7AB 4 Kirkton Cottages https://map.what3words.com/templates.superbly.vies
AB32 7AB 5 Kirkton Cottages https://map.what3words.com/meal.polices.reddish
AB32 7AB 6 Kirkton Cottages https://map.what3words.com/outsiders.supported.vase
AB32 7AB 7 Kirkton Cottages https://map.what3words.com/timer.modules.forensic
1853 Charles Lumsden, wright South Kirkton
AB32 7AB Glenecht https://map.what3words.com/simmer.meals.recruited
MANSE [parish, South Kirktown] A substantial dwellinghouse with suitable offices, and garden attached. The dwelling house is two storeys, offices one, the whole slated and in excellent repair.
1853 Rev William Maxwell – Manse of Echt
AB32 7AB The Manse https://map.what3words.com/handbags.gradually.stews
AB32 7AB South Kirkton https://map.what3words.com/slack.junior.wicket
OSN = SOUTH KIRKTOWN This name applies to all the buildings that stand on either side of the road between the Ph [Parish] Manse, on the north, and the Gormack Burn on the south. They are all one storey high, partly slated and partly thatched. Property of Lord Lindsay.
1853 John Smith
1853 George Abel Smith ?
AB32 7AD Mill Of Echt Cottage https://map.what3words.com/tangible.motive.mercy
AB32 7AD Mill Of Echt Farmhouse https://map.what3words.com/appealing.listed.taxed
1853 James Niven, miller
http://barmekin.co.uk/contact-us/ Barmekin Groundcare
AB32 7AD Mill Of Echt https://map.what3words.com/toward.wager.sidelined
AB32 7AD Sandyhillock https://map.what3words.com/famous.grins.crossword
OSN = SANDYHILLOCK A farmsteading, dwelling house, and offices, one storey high, partly slated, and partly thatched; the whole in good repair; the property of Lord Lindsay.
1853 William Law
AB32 7AD Tillioch Cottage https://map.what3words.com/tidal.storms.whips
AB32 7AD Tillioch https://map.what3words.com/twisting.tweaked.finishers
TILLIOCH A large farmsteading. Dwelling house slated. Out Offices partly slated and partly thatched. all in good repair and Owned by Lord Lindsay.
1853 George Gordon
AB32 7AG 1 Barmekin Park https://map.what3words.com/light.trees.nooks
AB32 7AG 29 Barmekin Park https://map.what3words.com/recall.hides.saving
AB32 7AJ Barnyards https://map.what3words.com/bonnet.dislikes.candles
OSN = BARNYARDS A farmsteading, dwelling house and offices, one storey slated and in good repair Property of Lord Lindsay
1853 Mrs Herd
AB32 7AJ Greentree (Croft) https://map.what3words.com/homes.squad.consoles
OSN = CARRIERSCROFT Carrier's Croft West Mains A small farmsteading, Dwelling house, and offices, one storey slated and in good repair the Property of Lord Lindsay Carriers croft appears on trace in accordance with Survey Usage.
AB32 7AJ Greentree Lodge https://map.what3words.com/demoted.waltzes.normal
OSN = GREENTREE LODGE Greentree Cottage A two storey cottage slated and in good repair; property of Lord Lindsay. Mr William Henry states that he was the builder and that a Mrs Cruikshank, an Officer's daughter, found the money. She was life Proprietrix and called it Greentree Lodge (Greentree being her maiden name) and at her death the house, a feu, again lapsed to the Barony.
1853 Mrs Cruickshanks
AB32 7AJ Old Echt https://map.what3words.com/tricks.sparkle.months
OSN = ECHT HOUSE (Remains of) The remains of the Ancient Mansion house of Echt Barony, which local tradition states was nearly destroyed by fire in the middle of the 17th Century, by the orders of the Marquis of Montrose: they consist of part of the Outer wall of the Court Yard, it has been very substantial, strengthened by buttresses, and pierced by an Ornamental Arched Gateway still nearly entire: its modern use is to form the east end of one of the Yards of the farm house of "Old Echt" to Convenience which a Modern Gateway has been pierced through it.
OSN = OLD ECHT A farmsteading, dwelling house and offices, one storey slated in good repair the property of Lord Lindsay this occupies the site of the Ancient Mansion house of Echt Barony hence the name, local tradition says that the Marquis of Montrose burned the said house at all events not the slightest trace of it now remains except a portion of the wall of the Courtyard see P65
1853 Joseph Morgan
AB32 7AJ Toll House https://map.what3words.com/situates.ordinary.quieter
OSN = ECHT T.P. A one storey dwelling house slated and in good repair the Property of the Road Trustees and used for the purpose the name indicates.
AB32 7AJ West Mains https://map.what3words.com/armed.noun.shaped
OSN = WEST MAINS A farmsteading, dwelling house and offices, one storey, thatched in good repair, the Property of Lord Lindsay Dunech House
1853 William Craigmile
AB32 7AJ Woodside https://map.what3words.com/tags.badminton.blank
AB32 7AL Corrieburn https://map.what3words.com/boats.typified.harps
AB32 7AL Farepark https://map.what3words.com/likely.buns.arise
AB32 7AL Mill Of Hole Bothy https://map.what3words.com/brass.direct.stretcher
AB32 7AL Mill Of Hole https://map.what3words.com/character.panning.fixed
AB32 7AL Peace Coaches https://map.what3words.com/likely.buns.arise
AB32 7AL Rosedale https://map.what3words.com/wool.poorly.watches
AB32 7AL Sunhoney Cottage https://map.what3words.com/also.drilled.goodnight
AB32 7AL Sunhoney https://map.what3words.com/hopes.shears.punters
AB32 7AL The Old Mill, Mill Of Hole https://map.what3words.com/wool.poorly.watches
AB32 7AN Spittalhillock https://map.what3words.com/tablets.niece.diplomas
OSN = SPITALHILLOCK Spittalhillock A dwelllinghouse, one storey in height, partly slated and partly thatched, Property of Lord Lindsay, [Page] 60 Aberdeenshire -- Parish of Echt [Note relating to 'Spitalhillock'] - "Altered to agree with order from Southampton dated 28th Janry [January] 1865" [Initialled] J.L.
1853 George Farquhar, shoemaker
AB32 7AN Westseat Steading https://map.what3words.com/cloth.partly.towns
AB32 7AN Westseat https://map.what3words.com/middle.deflated.vast
OSN = WESTSEAT A small farmhouse with suitable offices attached, all of which are thatched and in good repair Property of lord Lindsay.
OSN = WHITEHILLS A few small dwellings all of which are one storey high, thatched, and in good repair, Property of Lord Lindsay,
AB32 7AP Newseat https://map.what3words.com/paintings.cups.delight
OSN = NEWSEAT A small farmhouse and offices, all of which are one storey high, thatched and in good repair, Property of Lord Lindsay,
1853 James Smith
AB32 7AP Sauchenbush https://map.what3words.com/chopper.wizard.coasting
OSN = SAUCHENBUSH A farmhouse and offices, all of which are one storey high. thatched and in good repair, Property of Lord Lindsay,
1853 John Hall
AB32 7AP Tillyboy https://map.what3words.com/timer.adopt.single
OSN = TILLIBOY Tillyboy A farmhouse and steading, both are one storey in height and slated, Property of Lord Lindsay,
1853 John Adam
AB32 7AR Hillside https://map.what3words.com/tops.propelled.circus
OSN = HILLSIDE A farmhouse and steading, partly slated and partly thatched both are in good repair, Property of Lord Lindsay, Dunecht Ho. [House].
1853 J & Robert Adam
AB32 7AR Uppermains Cottage https://map.what3words.com/desks.worthy.elevate
AB32 7AR Uppermains https://map.what3words.com/staked.liners.bloom
OSN = UPPER MAINS Farm of Upper Mains A farmsteading newly improved Dwellinghouse and offices, including a threshing mill - water power, one storey slated and in good repair. Property of Lord Lindsay Dunecht House
1853 Adam Philip
Osprey Systems Ltd.,
AB32 7AS 1 East Culfosie https://map.what3words.com/tango.decisions.prancing
AB32 7AS 2 East Culfosie https://map.what3words.com/tango.decisions.prancing
OSN = EASTER CULFOSSIE Farm of Easter Culfossie A farmsteading, dwellinghouse and offices one storey slated, and in good repair, there is also a threshing mill attached, and a saw mill wrought by water power and the property of Lord Lindsay Dunecht House
AB32 7AS Culfosie Cottage https://map.what3words.com/willpower.ribcage.clays
AB32 7AS Culfosie https://map.what3words.com/laughs.padlock.cleanest
OSN = CULFOSSIE Culfosie An extensive farmsteading and dwelling house, both of which are one storey high, slated, and in good repair, Property of Lord Lindsay, "Fosse" a ditch this is near the Barmekin
1853 George Allan
AB32 7AS East Culfosie Cottage https://map.what3words.com/gather.grass.shorthand
AB32 7AS East Culfosie Farmhouse https://map.what3words.com/performs.yield.asserts 1853 George Shewan
AB32 7AT North Mains https://map.what3words.com/clearly.lance.sized
OSN = NORTH MAINS Farm of North Mains A small farmsteading dwelling house slated, offices thatched, and in bad repair Property of Lord Lindsay Dunecht House
1853 Charles Clark
AB32 7AW Dunecht Estates Office https://map.what3words.com/headlines.shop.essential
AB32 7AW Flat Estates Office https://map.what3words.com/apartment.quantity.motivates
AB32 7AW Jaffs https://map.what3words.com/selects.fired.voltages
AB32 7AW Old Post Office House https://map.what3words.com/weeks.incline.acids
OSN = POST OFFICE [Waterton] A sub office in Waterton, it has one arrival and one despatch daily, the former at 6-30 AM and the latter at 2 P.M. Aberdeen is the major. It is not a Money Order Office
1853 Alexander Lessels, merchant and postmaster
AB32 7AW Waterton Cottage https://what3words.com/turns.remix.corrupted
AB32 7AW Waterton https://what3words.com/burden.gullible.dive
1853 J Beattie, Inn of Waterton
AB32 7AX 1 The Terrace https://map.what3words.com/lads.trips.then
AB32 7AX 17 The Terrace https://map.what3words.com/series.campers.buckets
AB32 7AX Dunecht Garage https://map.what3words.com/guards.invented.punters
AB32 7AX Dunecht Post Office https://map.what3words.com/reveal.recent.sprayer
AB32 7AX Jasmine Villa https://map.what3words.com/quail.backhand.cobble
AB32 7BA Damhead Cottage https://map.what3words.com/selects.sometimes.slicing
DAMHEAD A farmsteading, dwellinghouse and offices; one storey, thatched, and in good repair; the property of Lord Lindsay.
1853 William Smith, shoemaker Damseat (farm, Damhead was cottage more likely)
AB32 7BA Dunecht School https://map.what3words.com/facing.bigger.stint
AB32 7BA East Roadside Cottage https://map.what3words.com/dollars.imprints.note
OSN = EAST ROADSIDE Roadside, Roadside East A farmsteading, dwelling house, and offices, one storey, thatched, and in good repair; the property of Lord Lindsay.
AB32 7BA Schoolhouse https://map.what3words.com/singer.branded.depth
AB32 7BA Tillybrig https://map.what3words.com/factory.bidder.simulates
1853 – was West Roadside on map 1853 James Smith Roadside of Tilyfoddie
AB32 7BB Tillyfoddie Bothy https://map.what3words.com/elect.wasps.cold
AB32 7BB Tillyfoddie Cottage https://map.what3words.com/cleanest.misted.moth
AB32 7BB Tillyfoddie https://map.what3words.com/blank.answers.wrist
OSN = TILLYFODDIE Farm of Tillyfoddie A farmsteading and dwelling house, both of which are slated and in good repair, Property of Lord Lindsay,
1853 James Smith
AB32 7BD 1 Craigiedarg Cottage https://map.what3words.com/bibs.insects.keener
AB32 7BD 2 Craigiedarg Cottage https://map.what3words.com/nylon.porch.badge
AB32 7BD Balmuir https://map.what3words.com/flask.tells.rushed
AB32 7BD Craigiedarg House https://map.what3words.com/useful.strut.firming
AB32 7BE 1 Tillybrig https://map.what3words.com/mimics.hatch.clasping
AB32 7BE 15 Tillybrig https://map.what3words.com/ramble.newer.trimmer
AB32 7DB North Lodge East https://map.what3words.com/pursue.northward.royal
AB32 7DB North Lodge West https://map.what3words.com/cape.blurs.gift
AB32 7DD 1 Dairy Cottage https://map.what3words.com/ears.zinc.sampled
AB32 7DD 6 Dairy Cottage https://map.what3words.com/cups.depth.mental
AB32 7DD 1 The Garage https://map.what3words.com/digs.chills.winds
AB32 7DD 3 The Garage https://map.what3words.com/supple.crop.picturing
AB32 7DD Dunecht House https://map.what3words.com/aura.social.mixes
OSN = DUNECHT HOUSE Mansion House A large mansion, partially castleated, three storeys in height. It is situated within an extensive policy, the grounds of which are well laid out. It is the Summer residence of Lord Lindsay,
1853 The Right Hon. The Earl of Balcarres and Crawford
AB32 7DD Engineers Cottage https://map.what3words.com/stays.grub.cunning
AB32 7DD Policy Lodge https://map.what3words.com/hill.typist.computers
AB32 7DD The Kennels https://map.what3words.com/wire.uncle.glow
AB32 7DD West Lodge North https://map.what3words.com/clinic.coast.definite
AB32 7DD West Lodge South https://map.what3words.com/melts.spouse.input
AB32 7DD Springhill Nursery https://what3words.com/snored.line.alike
AB32 7DE Craig Na Laoigh https://map.what3words.com/twit.section.fills
AB32 7DE Craig Na Laoigh Flat
AB32 7DE Cripplehillock https://map.what3words.com/suits.zoom.foods
AB32 7DE Denwell https://map.what3words.com/yacht.beaker.replace
OSN = DENWELL A one storey dwelling house, tiled, and in good repair, Property of Lord Lindsay
AB32 7DE Dumbreck Cottage https://map.what3words.com/glee.forms.feasted
OSN = DUMBRAIK - Farm of Dumbreck A farmsteading and dwelling house, both of which are slated and in good repair Property of Lord Lindsay, DRUMBRECK  Farm of Drumbreck For 1" purposes only see Remark in Index 1895
1853 James Brown Dumbraik
AB32 7DE Gardeners Cottage https://map.what3words.com/evoke.wades.lays
AB32 7DE Hindhill Centre https://map.what3words.com/moats.calms.blotches
AB32 7DE Hindhill East https://map.what3words.com/cautious.looms.tides
AB32 7DE Hindhill West https://map.what3words.com/firmer.harps.wove
AB32 7DE Housedale https://map.what3words.com/tram.rejected.pirate
AB32 7DJ South Lodge House https://map.what3words.com/youths.studio.clips
AB32 7DL Easter Echt Lodge https://map.what3words.com/curl.daydream.spill
AB32 7DL Tillymannoch https://map.what3words.com/snails.forest.imparting
OSN = TILLYMANOCH Two Small Croft houses under the one roof one Storey high thatched and in very good repair the property of the Rt Hon. [Right Honourable] Lord Lindsay.
1853 William Meston - Tullimannoch
AB32 7DN 1 Knockquharn Cottages https://map.what3words.com/spenders.shot.hits
AB32 7DN 2 Knockquharn Cottages https://map.what3words.com/funky.holds.supper
AB32 7DN Kennels Bothy
AB32 7DN Knockquharn https://map.what3words.com/ulterior.kilts.cushy
1853 David Burnett
AB32 7DN Knockquharn Cottage https://map.what3words.com/nature.twinkled.heats
AB32 7DN Lochside Croft https://map.what3words.com/ferried.known.villas
AB32 7DP Knockquharn Croft https://map.what3words.com/guests.cult.unto
AB32 7DP Knockquharn Lodge https://map.what3words.com/suave.logs.paler
AB32 7DQ Sawmill Cottage https://map.what3words.com/outbid.zaps.talker
AB32 7DQ Waulkendale https://map.what3words.com/arrow.breezes.looms
AB32 7DQ Waulkendale Cottage https://map.what3words.com/demanding.skins.traffic
AB32 7DR Barmekin Cottage https://map.what3words.com/drags.congas.duty
AB32 7DR Damseat https://map.what3words.com/think.bearable.cattle
1853 William Ledingham
AB32 7DR New Wester Echt https://map.what3words.com/scare.tree.nurtures
OSN = NEW WESTER ECHT Farm of New Wester Echt A farmsteading and dwelling house, both of which are slated and in good repair, Property of Lord Lindsay,
1853 Charles Milne
AB32 7DR New Wester Echt Bothy https://map.what3words.com/sparkles.partner.escapes
AB32 7DR Old Wester Echt https://map.what3words.com/gravel.lilac.genius
1853 James Wight
AB32 7DR Old Wester Echt Cottage https://map.what3words.com/clips.chip.chitchat
AB32 7DR Old Wester Echt Lodgehttps://map.what3words.com/decks.scrambles.stray
AB32 7DR West Lodge North https://what3words.com/bronze.reviews.remainder
AB32 7DR West Lodge https://what3words.com/outwit.goodbyes.flesh
AB32 7DR Springfield https://map.what3words.com/swooning.fond.moth
1853 William Leith
AB32 7DS Middle Broomhill https://map.what3words.com/cushy.realm.year
AB32 7DT Hadagain https://map.what3words.com/bond.bind.micro
AB32 7DT Nethermuir Cottage https://map.what3words.com/grain.rekindle.thinker
AB32 7DT Nethermuir House https://map.what3words.com/manual.golden.healers
AB32 7DX East Banteith https://map.what3words.com/viewer.file.rounds
AB32 7EA Mill of Kinnernie https://map.what3words.com/shaves.nails.duos
AB32 7EA Old Kinnernie https://map.what3words.com/cute.learn.readjust
AB32 7EB 1 Kinnernie Manor https://map.what3words.com/stiffly.viewing.notice
AB32 7EB 3 Kinnernie Manor https://map.what3words.com/softly.duos.tempting
AB32 7EB 4 Kinnernie Manor https://map.what3words.com/cheeses.prefect.scouting
AB32 7EB 5 Kinnernie Manor https://map.what3words.com/tides.teams.coasters
AB32 7EB 7 Kinnernie Manor https://map.what3words.com/acted.stray.basics
AB32 7EB Balvennie, Kinnernie Manor
AB32 7EB Benronach Steading, Kinnernie Manor
AB32 7EB Bowmore Steading, Kinnernie Manor
AB32 7EB Woodburn Cottage, Kinnernie Manor
AB32 7EB Dalwhinnie Steading, 2 Kinnernie Manor https://map.what3words.com/scans.september.lace
AB32 7EB Kinnernie Manor https://map.what3words.com/licks.scorching.silence
AB32 7EB Kinnernie House https://map.what3words.com/tram.bridge.viewer
AB32 7EB Aig An Tigh https://map.what3words.com/owner.spike.deeds
AB32 7EB Aspen Grove https://map.what3words.com/beak.seating.longer
AB32 7EB Kinnernie Cottages https://map.what3words.com/warms.tinsel.free
AB32 7EB Leggerdale https://map.what3words.com/splints.chucks.path
AB32 7EB Leggerdale Steading https://map.what3words.com/gracing.spot.fixed
AB32 7EB Leggerdale Steading North https://map.what3words.com/tinted.motive.owned
AB32 7EB West Kinnernie Cottage https://map.what3words.com/wealth.hops.calibrate
AB32 7ED Broomhill https://map.what3words.com/coarser.glows.elect
1853 C Wilson - Lower Broomhill
OSN = BROOMHILL Broomhills A farmsteading, dwellinghouse and offices, one storey, slated, and in good repair; the property of Lord Lindsay, Dunecht House.
AB32 7ED Broomhill Cottage https://map.what3words.com/cookie.frogs.clay
AB32 7ED Craigenlow Cottage https://map.what3words.com/chainsaw.suits.snow
AB32 7ED Craigenlow Quarry https://map.what3words.com/solve.rigs.reverted
Breedon – Rock, Asphalt, Concrete, Lime
AB32 7ED East Burnseat https://map.what3words.com/grips.gems.dripping
OSN = BURNSEAT Burnseat East A farmsteading, dwellinghouse, and offices, one storey, partly slated, and partly thatched; the property of Lord Lindsay Dunecht House, Echt.
AB32 7ED Old Toll House https://map.what3words.com/cropping.triangle.info
OSN = KINNERNIE T.P. A T.P., [Turnpike] situated in the northwest corner of the parish, and on the Aberdeen and Alford turnpike road. It is about fourteen miles from the former City.
AB32 7ED West Burnseat https://map.what3words.com/stance.tango.moral
OSN = WEST BURNSEAT A farmsteading, dwellinghouse and offices, one storey, thatched, and in good repair; the property of Lord Lindsay.
1853 Alex Farquharson, Burnseat
AB32 7EJ 1 Bridgend https://map.what3words.com/licks.upper.chop AB32 7EJ 8 Bridgend https://map.what3words.com/full.button.notch
OSN = BRIDGE-END A farmsteading, dwellinghouse, and offices, one storey, slated, and in good repair; the property of Lord Lindsay.
1853 J Coutts, wright Bridge-end
1853 William Duthie, smith Bridge-end
AB32 7EL Blacksmiths Cottage https://map.what3words.com/sticking.pollution.risen
AB32 7EL Carriers Cottage https://map.what3words.com/singers.rate.dries
AB32 7EL Auchenbervie https://map.what3words.com/wiggles.clasping.name
AB32 7EL Bervie Farmhouse https://map.what3words.com/living.eased.funny
AB32 7EL Corskiemill https://map.what3words.com/dares.viewer.dare
AB32 7EL Nether Corskie https://map.what3words.com/cleanser.racetrack.galaxies
AB32 7EL Nether Corskie Croft https://map.what3words.com/climber.polka.stutter
West Tillyboy https://what3words.com/deposits.throwaway.initiated
1853 Joseph Donald Home Farm, https://what3words.com/started.penned.hypocrite
1853 Samuel Farquhar – Dinecht, Waterton Tillybrig https://what3words.com/skippers.monk.rate
1853 James Tom Westseat Croft https://what3words.com/able.chose.stoppage
1853 Robert Johnston Wester Woodside https://what3words.com/sushi.buyers.quote
1853 Robert Will Tillybrother https://what3words.com/hardly.bowhead.searcher
1853 William Thomson, Tillybother North Monecht https://what3words.com/rephrase.rods.vital
1853 Alexander Milne Swailend https://what3words.com/gathers.contoured.composts
1853 Andrew Mathieson Jinnllend
2021 Unknown Locations
1853 Hay, surgeon Echt Cottage
1853 David Herd, Cairns Croft
1853 John Lawson, Lawson Croft
1853 George Will, Wilkiemuir
1853 James Will, Ordeship
the Dingwall brothers originated from Braigiewell, https://what3words.com/relief.solar.copes
x Smith supplied many of the televisions in the parish 1950’s and 1960’s as he originated in Echt.
Place names of Echt
The following Place Names are from:-
Place Names of West Aberdeenshire
Only 525 Copies printed
By the Late James MacDonald F.S.A. Scot. Aberdeen
Printed for the New Spalding Club
Printed by Milne and Hutchinson Aberdeen
Antiquities of the Shires of Aberdeen and Banff. 4 vols. Aberdeen (Spalding Club), 1847-69
Collections for a History of the Shires of Aberdeen and Banff. Edited by Joseph Robertson. Aberdeen (Spalding Club), 1843-
The Origin and History of Irish Names of Places. By P. W. Joyce, LL.D. 2 vols 5th edition Dublin, 1883
The Ordnance Survey Name Books.
Ret. or Retour
Inquisitionum ad Capellam Domini Regis Retornatarum quae in Publicis Archivis Scotiae adhuc servantur Abbrevatio (Abstract of the Records of Retours of Services). 1546-1700. Edited by Thomas Thomson. 3 vols. Edinburgh, 1811-16.
Spald. Cl. Mis.
Miscellany of the Spalding Club. 5 vols. Aberdeen, 1841-52.
The Valuation Roll of the County of Aberdeen for 1894-5. Aberdeen, 1894.
Pg Air, Mill and Moss of (Echt and Skene). Now generally spelled Ayr. I do not know what Air means, unless it is from the same root as Hairmoss, Haremyres and Harlaw, q.v. In this county, in old times, initial H was as much abused as in many parts of England at the present day, and Moss of Air may be only another form of Hairmoss, " the Moss of the boundary." The boundary of the parishes runs through these lands, but this does not prove that the meaning of the name which I have suggested is correct.
Pg 40 Baiuck de Forane (Echt). This name is given in a Retour of 1630 "the forest of Baiuck de Forane," but I have not found it elsewhere, and it is now entirely unknown.
Pg 49 Barmekin (Echt, Keig). "Barmkyn, Bermkyn. The rampart or outermost fortification of a castle. Ruddiman derives from Norm. Fr. barbycan, Fr. barbacane. ... If not a corr. of barbycan, it may be from Teut barm, bearm, berm, a mound or rampart and perhaps kin, a diminutive." Scot. Dict, New Ed. The Imperial Dict, gives the same meaning, and derives the word from berm. Cosmo Innes, in "Early Scottish History," gives Barmekyn = Barbican. See gloss. ...
The Scottish Gael
On a hill, in the parish of Echt, in the county of Aberdeen, is a well preserved fastness, the walls of which are formed of stone, without the addition of any cement. This fortress is called the Barmekin, a term derived from the old word, barme, or bawn, a bank or wall, for the purpose of defence, applied, in many instances, to the outer ballium of a fortress, The term is used by Gawin Douglas, and in 1509, a charter, given to John Grant, of Freuchie, of the lands and fortalice of Urquhart, enjoins him to " big the houses with Barmekin walls." It will be seen, from the engraving, that these remains consist of five concentric ramparts and intermediate ditches, inclosing an area of 347 feet diameter, according to a measurement I took some years ago. The inner wall is the most perfect, and is about five feet high, and ten or twelve thick at the base. The others appear to have been of nearly similar dimensions, and the exterior was formed with large flat stones, pitched edgewise, in manner of a casing, to strengthen and secure the smaller ones in the body of the wall. Large stones are also observable on each side the openings, by which access was obtained to the interior, and which are six or eight feet wide. Extended lines, the remains of walls, run a considerable way towards the north, accompanied by tumuli, and the vestigia of stone circles. ...
Pg 52 Begsburn (Echt).
Pg 59 Birks (Echt, Monymusk).
Pg Blackdams (Echt). Pg 73 Braigiewell (Echt). Braigie Hill is beside this place, and the name may be a form of breacach, der. of breac "spotted, speckled." Cf. Brakywell, Perthshire.
Pg 75 Brewthin (Echt). See Bakebare. ???
Pg 98 Castle Fraser (Cluny). [The old name was Muchell.] Muchil-in-Mar, V. of D. Col., p. 637: ante 1657, Muchell, Balfour : 1654, Mulcalia, Straloch : 1451, Mukwale, Chamb. Rolls; 1429, Mukwele, R.M.S., 134; 1268, Mukual, Chart, of St. Andrews, Ant I., 179. Muc bhaile, "pig-town." This does not necessarily imply that pigs were reared or kept at this place the name may have quite a different meaning. [ included to assist anyone looking for Mulkall etc on the old maps e.g. John Elphinstone’s map of 1745 https://maps.nls.uk/view/74400596 ]
Pg 132 Cowie Burn. Cowie (Forgue). Cowie wood." Cowie is a common cor. of coille "a wood." Cf. formerly Colly, Kincardine.
Pg 134 Craigenglow Wood (Echt). Creag an gleo (?), "craig of the strife or contest." Gleo, obs.
Pg 146 Cross of Fare (Kincardine O'Neil). A cross-road over the slope of the Hill of Fare, leading from Kincardine O'Neil and Midmar to Echt. Formerly a drovers' resting-place. Cross = "crossing."
Pg 147 Culfossie (Echt).1607, Culquhorsie, Retour 107; 1435, Culquhorsy, Ant III., 582; 1411, Culquhorsy, Ant. IV., 179. Quhorsy is probably a slightly altered form of the common hill-name, Corsky, as it appears, with the initial consonant aspirated, in Tulyquhorsky. The meaning would thus be "back of the crossing" very appropriate still, the farm being on the road crossing from Waterton to Echt, which are places on the two main roads of the district leading to Aberdeen.
[ agreed it may be “back of the crossing” but most like crossing of the Barmekin. The route via Culfossie may have been an alternative to via Old Wester Echt ]
Pg 148 Cullerlie (Echt). 1630, Easter and Wester Collairleyis, Retour 216; 1506, the two Cullerleis, R.M.S., 3071. Cùl ard shleibh (slie), "back of the high moor."
Pg 157 Damseat (Echt).
Pg 168 Drumbraik (Echt). C.S. Dumbrdck : 1696, Dunbreck, Poll Book; 1611, Dumbreck, Retour 129; 1608, Drumbrek, R.M.S., 2186. Druim breac, "spotted or speckled ridge"
Pg 179 Echt (Parish). 1366, Eycht, Col. 219; c. 1220, Hachtis and Eych, Ant. II., 46; 1226, Hcyth, Ant. II., 47. Echt is probably the name of the builder of the Barmekin of Echt or Dunecht, " Echt's fort." So Duneight, Ireland, is Eochy's fort, Joyce I., 279, Cf. Aedh, Aodh, Heth, Edh, in Chron. of the Picts and Scots.
Pg 184 Fàre, Hill (Midmar, Echt, and Kincardine O'Neil). 1598, Fair, R.M.S., 811. Faire, "height, hill, sky-line." The vowel sound is long, therefore faire, "watching," though common as part of of hill-names, would be unsuitable in this case. Cf. Faire Mhor, Perthshire.
Pg 187 Finarcy (Echt). 1696, Finersy and Findercie, Poll Book; 1618, Fynnersie, Retour 157; 1610, Phynnersie, Retour 124; 1517, Fenersy, Ant. III., 477; 1505, Fynnersy, Ant. III., 419. Perhaps a corruption of fionn àird (arj), "fair height."
[ Cornwall 1853 Recorded as Banks of Findrassie, Little Findrassie, Milltown of Findrassie ... perhaps have an "L" dropped and should be Flindrassie or similar indicating a relationship with Flinders. This seems likely as at Banks there were a community of weavers who possibly had there own church and grave yard. ]
Pg 197 Garlogie (Skene and Echt --same place). 1525, Carlogy, R.M.S., 302 ; 1457, Garlogy, Col. 281. The accent is on second syllable, and Garbh is therefore unsuitable, as it would bear the stress. The ref. of 1525 is most likely the proper form – Car logain, "the bend of the little hollow."
Pg 197 Garrack (Echt). C.S. Garr-ack. Perhaps garbh and terminal og, "rough place." Cf. Garvoge, Joyce, II., 476 Pg 200 Gerrack (Echt). See Garrack.
Pg 206 Gordon's Howe (Echt,6). On the north-east side of the Hill of Fare Here, says tradition, George, 4th Earl of Huntly, lost his life during, or immediately after, the Battle of Corrichie, in 1562: whether smothered in his armour, or trodden to death, or " sticket by Stuart o' Inchbrek, as the old ballad tells.
Pg 207 Gormack (Midmar). Gormack (Echt). 1598, Gormeg, R.M.S., 811. Joyce giyes Gormagh "Blue [ or green] field"
Pg 215 Hopeton (Echt). Modern.
Pg 232 Knockgrue (Echt). This name appears only in the Poll Book, and is probably incorrect. No name is given in the six-inch O.S. Map of which it could be a corruption.
Pg 233 Knockquharn (Echt). 1607, Echtnokquhairne, Retour 107. Cnoc chairn, "Cairn-hill." [ closest is Hill of Easter Echt no cairn is shown there or near the Kennels the two local hill tops ]
Pg 236 Landerberry (Echt). Lander is probably a personal name.
Meanecht (Echt). 1696, Manecht and Monecht, Poll Book; 1556, Monecht Retour 22; 1517, Manecht, Ant. III., 477; 1368, Meneicht, Spald. Cl. Mis., V., 247. Residents say Meanecht (middle of Echt) is the name of one place, and Monecht (moor or moss) of another. This may be so, and there are North Monecht and South Monecht, as well as Easter and Wester Echt, and North and South Echt, but in none of the old writings does there appear to be a distinction between "Man " and " Mon," and Mean does not occur. Monadh, a moor," or moine, " a moss," probably represents "Mean" of the map, either of which would have been applicable. In old writings we find references also to Monksecht, where there was a chapel (Col. I., 636), to Houctireyht, in 1245 (Col. I., 179), and to Outherheycht in 1233 (Col. I., 174). See Echt.
Pg 264 Myriewell (Echt).
Pg 264 Nashick (Echt).
Pg 266 Old Echt (Echt). See Echt.
Pg 282 Queen's Chair (Echt). A rock about half a mile due south from the Mither Tap of Hill of Fare, on which say some Queen Mary sat and watched the progress of the battle of Corrichie, 28th October, 1562. Others say that she visited Corrichie after the battle, and surveyed the I have not discovered any evidence that she was ever at the place, either during the fight or after it.
Sauchen (Cluny). 1696, Sachan, Poll Book; 1540, Sauquhyne, R.M.S., 2248; 1468, Sauchingis, R.M.S., 2100. Sauch, Saugh, "a willow or sallow tree." Sauchen, adj., "belonging to the willow," but in this county often used for Sauchie, "abounding in willows," e.g., Sauchie-brae = Sauchenbrae,
Pg 296 Sauchenbush (Echt and Midmar). "Willow bush."
Pg 305 Spittalhillock (Echt). "Hospital hillock." See next word.
Pg 305 Spittal of Muick (Glenmuick). [Norm. Fr. Spital, Scotch and O.E. Spittal, G. Spideal, -- a hospital or place of entertainment for strangers or invalids, as in Spitalfields, Dal-na-Spidal, &c.] [ presumed to be a resting place while the drove roads were in use e.g. Spittal of Glenshee]
Standing Stones (Dyce, Skene, and Echt). Dyce -- There is a stone circle at this place; 1645, Standanstane, Retour 281. Echt There is a stone circle adjacent O.S.N.B.
Pg 315 Templefold (Echt).
Pg 318 Tillebrother (Echt). Perhaps Tulach brathair, "Knoll of the brothers" (?monks). Tillyman ,1.627km - 1.011 miles. https://what3words.com/plates.geeoch, which may be "monks' knoll," is in the same parish,
Pg 318 Tilleshogle (Echt). Tulach seagail, "knoll of the rye."
Pg 319 Tillioch (Echt). 1681, Tillieoch, Retour 447; 1610, Tullioche, Retour 124. Tulach-achaidh, "knoll of the field"; or perhaps Tulach-each, "horse knoll." [ or perhaps just “a knoll” see Tullach and Tulloch following ] Pg 336 Tullach (Aboyne). Tulach, “a knoll”
Pg 336 Tulloch (Peterculter, Keig, Logie-Coldstone and Lumphanan). Tulach, "a knoll."
Pg 319 Tillyboy (Echt). 1610, Tulliboy, Retour 124. Tulach buidhe, "yellow knoll"
Pg 318 Tilfoudie (Aboyne). Tilphoudie, Val. Roll 1696, Tillehaudie, Tillewhoudie, Poll Book ; 1638, Tullochovvdy, Retour 242 1536, Tulloquhode, Spald. CL. Mis. IV.,202; 1536, Tolloquhovvdy, Spald. Cl. Mis., 199. Tulach-choimheadaich (pron. app. hoiudich). *Knoll of the warder or guard." This place is on a knoll abutting on a hill on which is an old Pictish fort, and it may have been an advanced guard or watching station, there being an extensive view up and down the Strath of the Dee.
Pg 321 Tillyfoddie (Echt). 1696, Tillefoddie, Poll Book ; 1681, Tilliehodie, Retour 447; 1638, Tullochaddie, Retour 242. If o long, Tulach fhoideach, "turf hillock;" if o short, perhaps tulach chodach, "knoll of share or division." [ likewise with Tilfoudie above, ... this place is also on a knoll abutting on a hill on which is an old Pictish fort … etc ]
Pg 322 Tillymanoch (Echt). Perhaps Tulach manach, "monks' knoll." Cf. Tillebrother in same parish.
Pg 323 Tillyorn (Coull and Echt). 1630, Tilliorne, Retour 216 Tulach-eorna, "knoll of the barley."
Pg 336 Tuberuskye, obs. (Echt). Tobar-uisge, "a spring well." The name is given in a charter of 1598, R.M.S., 811, but is now unknown.
Pg 340 Walkendale (Echt). 1696, Wachendale, Poll Book; 1610, Vachindaill, Retour 124. "A bleachfield."
Pg 342 Waterton (Echt and Insch).
March, 2021 the broom was cut along the old road, Cowiehillock – Braigiewell, 1.627km - 1.011 miles. July, 2021 at the Braigiewell end there are nettles thick trousers or other protection is required to avoid being stung by the nettles. https://what3words.com/plates.geek.export Cowiehillock end by burn https://what3words.com/crop.sliding.poetry Braigiewell end of “Old Road”
Part of the road is the only access to fields as such cars should not be left anywhere in the vicinity due to the turning circles required by HGV’s, tractors and trailers. If travelling by car to walk along the Cowiehillock – Braigiewell it is suggested that cars are left in the vicinity of https://what3words.com/door.rucksack.warns. Beware of the drainage channels cut in the verge when parking. At this location a cell phone signal should be available. This is about 280m to the start by the burn just after the Cowiehillock entrance.
A phone signal should be obtainable at https://what3words.com/punt.soon.educates - the wood north of the road nearest Cowiehillock.
Please do not take citrus fruit or bananas on the walk as the skins decompose very slowly. If a dog is taken it should be on a lead at all times as the road is bordered by fields which may have farm livestock along the entire length.
There are two dykes and two gates to clamber over the locations are:-
dyke - https://what3words.com/handrail.area.bought
gate - https://what3words.com/lectured.taller.showcase
gate - https://what3words.com/magnitude.indicates.tilt
The road between https://what3words.com/acids.sleeping.airports and https://what3words.com/spelled.irrigate.shed may have been the route between all parts of Marr and Buchan North and East of Echt, perhaps including Aberdeen itself, and the South. The Cryne Corse was the most Easterly route over the Grampians until the causewayed road was built between west of the Bridge of Dee https://what3words.com/oddly.rope.host and Bridge of Muchalls https://what3words.com/compelled.blankets.launched.
The length still in use from https://what3words.com/triangle.tape.interview to https://what3words.com/magazine.clumped.amount of the Banks Of Finnercy road is almost cassied i.e. sett stoned. This would indicate it was heavily trafficked at some point. ...